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Welfare and Usury

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===Usury===
 
====Antitrust Laws====
Monopolization runs counter to laws passed by Congress such as the 1890 Sherman Anti-Trust Act, 1914 Clayton Antitrust Act, and 1887 Interstate Commerce Act. Past Republican Presidents such as Teddy Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Benjamin Harrison, and Grover Cleveland all opposed monopolization in favor of protecting small businesses and market competition.
Ultimately, monopolization of land or wealth, as with business, endangers the market and overall prosperity. If all the wealth is concentrated in the hands of an ever diminishing few than the best and brightest cannot contribute to the economy, and small businesses which should grow to bring new products and ideas are prevented from ever starting. Competition is what makes the free market work, which is why monopolization is so dangerous. When there are more businesses competing, there will be more employment, more prosperity, and more innovation.
 
=====Land Purchase=====
As such, those who don't own land should be allowed to purchase an acre of undeveloped land from those who have 100 acres or more for $1,000, and from those who have 1,000 acres or more for $500. Furthermore, caps on CEO pay at publicly-traded companies in relation to company earnings are needed to restrain CEO pay to historical levels (perhaps on average 50:1 relative to the average worker). Any equation should be based relative to company earnings so that higher-earning companies can pay their CEOs more. Furthermore, privately-traded companies should be able to pay their CEOs as they please, since the CEO founded the company and used their own money to invest in start-up costs and employee hiring; as opposed to publicly-traded companies where CEOs appoint a Board of Directors that they can coerce into paying them out of shareholder funds.
 
====Interest Prohibition for Poverty Line====
 
There should be a prohibition on charging the poor interest, with poor defined as those below the poverty line, consistent with Biblical teachings in Exodus 22:25-27; Leviticus 25:35-37; and Deuteronomy 23:19-20.
==The Biblical View==
====Unjust Usury====
Nonetheless, the Bible repeatedly condemns unfair lending to the poorspecifically, not only in the Old Testament but the New Testament as well. Clearly there is a degree of lending that is unjust and abhorrent to God.
{{cquote|Nehemiah 5:5-11 And there was a great cry of =====Usury, Charging the people and of their wives against their brethren Poor Interest===== The following verses show that, while charging interest in general is not wrong, charging it to the Jewspoor specifically is. For there were It should further be pointed out that said, Wein Israel at the time, our sonssuch a commandment applied specifically to Israelite poor, and our daughters, are manynot all those who were poor (cp. Deuteronomy 23: therefore we take up corn for them, that we may eat, and live20). Some also there were  {{cquote|Exodus 22:25 ¶ If thou lend money to any of my people that saidis poor by thee, We have mortgaged our landsthou shalt not be to him as an usurer, vineyards, and houses, that we might buy corn, because of the dearthneither shalt thou lay upon him usury. There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king<br> 26 If thou at all take thy neighbour's tributeraiment to pledge, and thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:<br> 27 For that upon our lands and vineyards. Yet now our flesh is as the flesh of our brethrenhis covering only, our children as their childrenit is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and, lo, we bring into bondage our sons and our daughters it shall come to be servantspass, and some of our daughters are brought when he crieth unto bondage already: neither is it in our power to redeem themme, that I will hear; for other men have our lands and vineyardsI am gracious.  Leviticus 25:35 And I was very angry when I heard their cry if thy brother be waxen poor, and these words. Then I consulted fallen in decay with myselfthee; then thou shalt relieve him: yea, and I rebuked the noblesthough he be a stranger, and the rulers, and said unto them, Ye exact or a sojourner; that he may live with thee.<br> 36 Take thou no usuryof him, every one of his or increase: but fear thy God; that thy brothermay live with thee. And I set a great assembly against them. And I said unto them<br> 37 Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury, We after our ability have redeemed our brethren the Jews, which were sold unto the heathen; and will ye even sell your brethren? or shall they be sold unto us? Then held they their peace, and found nothing to answernor lend him thy victuals for increase. Also I said, It is not good that ye do Deuteronomy 23: ought ye 19 Thou shalt not lend upon usury to walk in the fear thy brother; usury of our God because of the reproach of the heathen our enemies? I likewise, and my brethren, and my servants, might exact of them money and corn: I pray you, let us leave off this usury. Restore, I pray you, to them, even this day, their lands, their vineyards, their oliveyards, and their houses, also the hundredth part of the moneyvictuals, and usury of any thing that is lent upon usury:<br> 20 Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou shalt not lend upon usury: that the corn, LORD thy God may bless thee in all that thou settest thine hand to in the wine, and the oil, that ye exact of themland whither thou goest to possess it.
Psalm 15:5: He that putteth not out his money to usury, nor taketh reward against the innocent. He that doeth these things shall never be moved.
Proverbs 28:8: He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.
 
Nehemiah 5:5-11 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brethren the Jews. For there were that said, We, our sons, and our daughters, are many: therefore we take up corn for them, that we may eat, and live. Some also there were that said, We have mortgaged our lands, vineyards, and houses, that we might buy corn, because of the dearth. There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king's tribute, and that upon our lands and vineyards. Yet now our flesh is as the flesh of our brethren, our children as their children: and, lo, we bring into bondage our sons and our daughters to be servants, and some of our daughters are brought unto bondage already: neither is it in our power to redeem them; for other men have our lands and vineyards. And I was very angry when I heard their cry and these words. Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the rulers, and said unto them, Ye exact usury, every one of his brother. And I set a great assembly against them. And I said unto them, We after our ability have redeemed our brethren the Jews, which were sold unto the heathen; and will ye even sell your brethren? or shall they be sold unto us? Then held they their peace, and found nothing to answer. Also I said, It is not good that ye do: ought ye not to walk in the fear of our God because of the reproach of the heathen our enemies? I likewise, and my brethren, and my servants, might exact of them money and corn: I pray you, let us leave off this usury. Restore, I pray you, to them, even this day, their lands, their vineyards, their oliveyards, and their houses, also the hundredth part of the money, and of the corn, the wine, and the oil, that ye exact of them.
Ezekiel 18:13: Hath given forth upon usury, and hath taken increase: shall he then live? he shall not live: he hath done all these abominations; he shall surely die; his blood shall be upon him.
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