Voter fraud cases not included
The following are cases not included on my Voter Fraud page for the following reasons. While voter fraud is a serious issue, questionable cases like some of these where potentially well-meaning or even innocent people are wrongfully accused complicate the subject. Although reform is necessary to stop widespread abuse of our electoral system, we must also ensure that it does not lead to incorrect, overzealous targeting that wrongfully encompasses the innocent.
- 1 Business Address Confusion
- 2 Residential Address Confusion
- 3 Accidental Double Voting
- 4 Accidental Felon Voting
- 5 Citizenship Confusion
- 6 Assisting Relatives
- 7 Ultimate Acquittal
- 8 Cases Involving Republicans
- 8.1 2018 Elections
- 8.2 2016 Elections
- 8.3 2012 Elections
- 8.4 2010 Elections
- 8.5 2000 Elections
- 8.6 1996 Elections
- 8.7 1995 Elections
- 8.8 1990 Elections
- 8.9 1982 Elections
- 9 Sources
Business Address Confusion
I do not consider cases where a business address was mistakenly used instead of a residential address to constitute voter fraud, regardless of whether charges result or not, unless double voting is clearly involved.
Phenix City, AL
In the November election, 82 people registered to vote using their business address instead of their residential address, and approximately 30 voted.
Residential Address Confusion
In some cases there is confusion over whether someone lived in the district or not. This can be due to living part-time in different counties. To me, this does not reach the level of serious voting fraud, as there is not an attempt to sway election results.
IN Secretary of State Charlie White
Charlie White, a Republican, was found guilty of six Class D felony charges including voter fraud, perjury, and theft relating to his residency while on the Fishers Town Council. White, while on the town council, moved into a new townhome outside the district and was no longer living with his ex-wife in-district. As such, he ran afoul of residency requirements for holding office.
|“||"Prosecutors said he voted and took pay as a council member of a district in which he no longer resided. White claimed he was living with his ex-wife, which was within the council district. But evidence presented during his trial in Hamilton Superior Court indicated that he had been living with his then-fiancee in a new townhome outside the district."
-Kristine Guerra, USA Today
New Brunswick, NJ--Police Lt. Robert Tierney
Tierney was suspended without pay from his job as a police lieutenant after being indicted for voter fraud. Tierney continued voting in the city's general elections from 2004-09 while living in other municipalities.
Accidental Double Voting
On rare cases, people vote twice in a single election, sometimes because they sent a mail-in ballot and vote in person. At other times the confusion can be caused by people moving from one county or state to another. In some cases these are well-meaning individuals who just want to be sure their vote is recorded and mistakenly assume the system will automatically correct any double vote.
Wasau, AK--David Kitkowski
The 70-year-old Kitkowski sent in two absentee ballots with his deceased mother's name on them, months after she had passed away. The case was ultimately dismissed with both parties agreeing he was not competent to stand trial.
CA, 3 Persons
Deidra Vrooman was living in her car at the time, going back and forth between the Grass Valley and Berkeley counties in California. She ended up registered to vote in both counties and was mailed two absentee ballots, one for each county. She sent both in, unsure which was valid, "with the assumption that the state was sophisticated enough to eliminate the one that wasn’t relevant." She is now facing felony ballot fraud, along with another Nevada County woman who made the same mistake, for double voting during the 2016 elections.
In a separate case, Richard Anthony Hamilton, registered twice, in 2014 and 2016, using different birthdays. He claims he probably just gave wrong information to a Walmart registrar in 2014 because he "probably did not trust the guy." After sending in both absentee ballot applications that he received, he has since been charged with voting twice in the 2016 primary and general elections.
Des Moines, IA--3 Persons
|“||"Three people have tried to vote multiple times in the general election this month in Polk County, according to Des Moines police reports... According to police reports, two of the incidents involved people casting mail-in ballots and also voting in person at one of the county's early voting locations. Another incident involved a person casting a ballot at the county election office, 120 Second Ave., and another ballot at a satellite voting location in Des Moines."
-Charly Haley, Des Moines Register
Powhatan County, VA--Curtis W. Blankenship
Blankenship, a pastor at Cumberland Baptist Temple, will likely have charges dropped against him after he applied for an absentee ballot after casting one. He claimed he was just "testing the system" and never intended to vote a second time. Ironically, Blankenship's case appears to be that of a well-meaning citizen trying to make sure the system was preventing voter fraud.
In the case of Lincoln L. Wilson, he is charged with a felony for voting in both Colorado and Kansas. Wilson says he lives on the county bordering both states and lives part-time in both. He further denies voting twice in any given election.
|“||“'But I know for a fact that I only voted for one president,' said Wilson, 64 and a Republican. 'The issues in Kansas that I vote for would’ve been for that general election, such as property tax … and if I voted for a senator or a representative in the state of Kansas, that would have nothing to do with a senator or a representative in the state of Colorado.' Wilson, 64, has several real estate properties in each state. He said he believed he was restricted to voting in only one county in each of those states. 'When I look at a Colorado form, I’m signing a Colorado form. It doesn’t say it’s a United States form, it says it’s a Colorado form,” Wilson said. “In Kansas, my reasoning was the same.'”
-Brian Lowry, Eagle Topeka-Bureau
Accidental Felon Voting
Charlotte, NC Mayor Patrick Cannon
Patrick Cannon, the former Democrat Mayor of Charlotte, NC, illegally voted in the 2014 elections. Cannon is a felon because he accepted a $50,000 bribe from undercover FBI agents. However, his illegal voting appears to have been an inadvertent mistake, made by a first-time felon accustomed to voting in every election.
In at least one recent case, a Green Card holder claims she thought she had voting rights, and is now being charged. Where there is uncertainty, I prefer to just exclude cases like this without clear evidence of intentional wrongdoing.
TX--Rose Maria Ortega
Rose Maria Ortega, a Republican, voted five times between 2004 and 2014, including for the Attorney General Ken Paxton who has since prosecuted her. She claims that since her Green Card says 'resident' on it that she thought she was not only entitled to vote, but had a civic responsibility to do so. Prosecutors dispute the claim on the basis of her driver's license application, when she told authorities that she was a resident alien. She has since been sentenced to 8 years in jail with deportation likely after her sentence is finished. The case is now being widely used to lampoon Republican efforts to stop voter fraud.
Philadelphia, PA--3 Charged
Both Robin Trainor and Laura Murtaugh are charged for an incident in which Trainor helped her husband vote, and also filed a vote on behalf of her son. In a separate case, Cheryl Ali was charged with voting on behalf of her elderly ill mother. All three are Philadelphia election officials who should know better. That being said, such stupidity does not necessarily arise to the level of voter fraud in my opinion, unless the son or husband can be proven to have had their intended votes miscast against their will.
Willacy County, TX--D.A. Juan Angel Guerra
Juan Angel Guerra, the D.A. and County Attorney for Willacy County, TX, was prosecuted for voter fraud allegedly committed during the March 2004 elections. However, the court could not determine what evidence had been involved in the case, which ultimately did not produce a conviction. As such, there is not definite evidence of fraud, and it is therefore excluded.
|“||"The majority grants relief on two grounds, both apparently arising from Garza's status as Guerra's former political opponent. Garza was a candidate who ran for election against Guerra in 2004. This was the same election referred to in the January 17 order issued by Judge Lopez, which stated, "The Grand Jury was aware of voter fraud committed by the District Attorney, Juan Angel Guerra during the election of March 2004... There is no evidence before us indicating that Garza has any knowledge relating to whether Guerra committed an illegal act in the March 2004 election, nor is there evidence indicating that Garza anticipates being a witness. His testimony suggests the contrary, that he has no knowledge of any material, disputed facts regarding the alleged election fraud. In fact, because Guerra was not indicted for election fraud, it is impossible that Garza will testify against Guerra. Without any evidence to support its conclusion, this Court is burdened by an obligation it cannot fulfill--i.e., to explain either why it would be necessary for the State or Guerra to call Garza as a witness or what essential fact his testimony would establish... The truth of the matter is that this Court has no idea what allegations of voter or election fraud were brought before the grand jury. In short, the majority stretches to create an 'interest' in the outcome of the prosecution that is not supported by the record and uses this purported interest as support for its determination to afford Guerra relief."
-Justices Ya ez, Benavides, and Vela in In Re: Juan Angel Guerra (2007)
Brooks County, GA--12 Charged
A total of 12 former Democrat officials were indicted for absentee ballot fraud, including workers in the voter registrar's office and school board members. Angela Bryant, April Proctor, Brenda Monds, Debra Denard, Lula Smart, Kechia Harrison, Robert Denard, Sandra Cody, Elizabeth Thomas, Linda Troutman, Latashia Head, and Nancy Denard were all charged with voter fraud, following an election which had an unusually high number of absentee ballots filed. However, the case ultimately collapsed with the defendants exonerated.
Cases Involving Republicans
Because Democrats typically claim voter fraud doesn't exist, whereas Republicans claim that it does, cases involving Republicans are shown separately, to better show fraud specifically involving Democrats. As such, I am including cases that I know to clearly involve Republicans here, lest Democrats seeing the Voter Fraud page attempt to falsely portray it as predominantly involving cases of Republicans committing voter fraud.
NC 9th District
Widespread allegations of voting fraud altering the result have been made in a race narrowly won (905 votes) by Republican Representative Mark Harris. Leslie McRae Dowless while working for Red Dome, a firm hired by Harris, committed absentee ballot fraud by falsifying absentee ballot forms.
Alaska 15th District--Dead Voters
Seven absentee ballots were received by the District's Board of Elections for people legally dead, in the Republican primary race between Gabrielle LeDoux and Aaron Weaver which LeDoux won by 117 votes. An investigation is underway.
Sacramento, CA--Gustavo Araujo Lerma
Gustavo Araujo Lerma, an avowed Trump supporter, was sentenced in August 2019 for illegally voting in federal elections after he acquired and began fraudulently using the identity of a deceased U.S. citizen named Hiram Velez.
|“||"SACRAMENTO, Calif. — A federal jury returned a verdict today against Gustavo Araujo Lerma, 64, finding him guilty of one count of aggravated identity theft, one count of passport fraud, and five counts of voting by an alien, U.S. Attorney McGregor W. Scott announced.
According to court documents and evidence presented at trial, Lerma was born in Mexico in 1955. In the early 1990s he acquired and began fraudulently using the identity of a United States citizen named Hiram Velez. Lerma used the Velez identity to unlawfully obtain U.S. passports and to vote in federal elections."
-Department of Justice
CO--Toni Lee Newbill
Newbill, a Republican, plead guilty to voting twice, in both 2013 and 2016, on behalf of her deceased father.She was sentenced to 18 months of unsupervised probation, 30 hours of community service, and fined $500.
A supporter of Scott Walker cast 5 ballots in the 2012 recall election and was charged with 13 felonies, but claims he doesn't remember due to temporary amnesia. Monroe is a supporter of Republican Scott Walker.
West Boynton, FL--William Hazard
William Hazard, a Republican, plead guilty to a felony charge of voter registration fraud and three misdemeanor charges for attempted submission of false voter registration information. Hazard submitted false voter registration forms identifying people as Republican even though they were Democrats in the 2012 elections. He was sentenced to 11 days in the Palm Beach County Jail, 3 years probation, and fined $7,500.
Baltimore, MD--Paul Schurick
Paul Schurick, the campaign manager for Republican Robert L. Ehrlich Jr.'s 2010 campaign, oversaw an effort to suppress black voters through sending a robocall pretending that the Democrat opponent, Governor Martin O'Malley, had already won, even though the polls hadn't yet closed, in an attempt to prevent them from voting.
|“||"Eight men and women were convicted of absentee ballot voter fraud in Winston County in the June 2000 Republican primary. Removed from office were Sheriff David Sutherland and Circuit Clerk W.F. Bailey."
-Dana Beyerle, Tuscaloosa News
Petaluma, CA--5 Charged
A circle of real estate-investing Republican politicians were convicted for voter fraud and forgery. They forged roughly 2,000 petition signatures to get a land-swap measure on the ballot. They included:
- Martin McClure (R), an aide to Sonoma County Supervisor Paul Kelley from 1994-97 who ran for State Rep. in 1986.
- Steve Henrickson (R), a member of the Sonoma County Republican Party Central Committee who ran for the state legislature in 1996.
- Marion Hodge, a 12-year aide to Sonoma County Supervisor Jim Harberson.
- Craig and Shelly Arthur.
Following the scandal, Sonoma County Supervisor Jim Harberson decided not to run for re-election.
Durham County --2 Charged
|“||"A 14-year-old Durham boy and his father have been criminally charged for the boy's admission that he voted in the Nov. 5 election. A Durham County grand jury indicted Jerry Winegarden on a felony charge of helping his son commit voter fraud and a misdemeanor charge of contributing to the delinquency of a minor on Monday... He and his father went to their precinct in Durham County and Ben cast a ballot, voting straight Republican."
Rhonda Carmony, a GOP activist and wife of Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, plead guilty to recruiting and placing on the ballot a decoy Democrat candidate to split the Democrat vote in the 1995 elections. She was sentenced to three years probation, 300 hours of community service, and fined $2,800.
IL--Sen. Jesse Helms
The Department of Justice ruled that Helms had sought to intimidate black voters from voting in the 1990 federal elections by falsely sending them letters warning they would be arrested if voting. The controversy would resurface years later with President Trump's decision to nominate Thomas Farr as a federal judge, given Farr's role as a counsel on Helms' 1990 campaign.
Clay County, NC--41 Convicted
To be fair, politicians on both sides were indicted in 'Project Westvote', one of the largest voter-fraud cases in history, including Sheriff E. Hartsell Moore Jr. a Republican and his opponent Howard Barnard, a Democrat. Nor does the number reflect the actual number of those involved, since the federal investigators declined to prosecute vote-sellers, only the ones buying the votes.
|“||"What has made the difference in Clay County and other isolated communities in the rugged mountains of western North Carolina is a continuing Federal investigation into vote-buying and electoral fraud that has over three years resulted in the conviction of 41 people, including three sheriffs, three deputies, a local magistrate, a school board member and assorted voting officials. The investigation has dispatched an army of 2,000 Federal agents into the small towns and hollows of five counties. It is the largest Federal investigation ever mounted in North Carolina, and, prosecutors here say, it is second nationally only to Chicago in the number of vote fraud indictments produced so far... In neighboring Cherokee County, where the sheriff was also sent to prison, vote-buyers were convicted of bartering ballots in return for pints of liquor, cigarettes and six-packs of beer. And in Alexander County, Federal prosecutors successfully proved that candidates paid for the votes of residents of a local nursing home, even though many of them were incapable of casting ballots on their own."
-William E. Schmidt, New York Times
"Now western North Carolina, worlds away from Chicago in temperament or terrain, ranks second only to the Windy City in vote-fraud convictions, U.S. Justice Department officials say. The largest FBI investigation of vote fraud in recent history netted 65 indictments and 63 convictions in Chicago, while North Carolina's "Project Westvote" is at 50 indictments, 37 convictions and counting, the officials add... Project Westvote - the largest FBI investigation ever conducted in North Carolina - is going "full-steam ahead," says Bob Pence, the agent in charge for the state. Although there were a few complaints after the 1984 election, the investigators expect the upcoming May primary to be clean."
-Michele Cohen, South Florida Sun-Sentinel
- Williams, Chuck (2018, August 13). "Judge Instructs Grand Jury to Consider Phenix City Voter Fraud Allegations." Ledger-Inquirer.
- Guerra, Kristine (2015, October 5). "Former Indiana Secretary of State Charlie White Begins Home Detention Sentence." USA Today.
- Haydon, Tom (2011, April 21). "New Brunswick Police Lieutenant Suspended Without Pay after Voter Fraud Indictment." Advance Media.
- Williams, Rashad (2018, November 20). "Wasau Man Charged with Voter Fraud." ABC 9 News.
- Cambrosius (2019, February 19). "Case Dismissed in Wausau Voter Fraud Case." WAOW 9 ABC News.
- Greenwood, Angela (2018, November 28). "Woman Accused Of Voter Fraud After Mailing In Two Absentee Ballots In 2016." CBS13 Sacramento.
- De Atley, Richard K. (2018, November 1). "One Voter Fraud Case Filed After 2017 Riverside County Investigation." The Press-Enterprise.
- Haley, Charly (2016, October 27). "3 Suspected of Voter Fraud in Polk County." Des Moines Register.
- Bowes, Mark (2016, February 19). "Felony Voter Fraud Charge Likely to be Dismissed Against Powhatan Pastor." Richmond Times-Dispatch.
McFarland, Laura (2015, December 7). "Powhatan Pastor Arrested for Voter Fraud." Richmond Times-Dispatch.
- Lowry, Brian (2015, October 13). "Kris Kobach Files to Prosecute Three Voter Fraud Cases in Kansas." Eagle Topeka-Bureau.
- Gordon, Michael (2015, February 3). "Former Charlotte Mayor Patrick Cannon Indicted on Voter Fraud." Charlotte Observer.
- Timm, Jane C. (2018, November 28). "Texas Woman with Four Children Gets Eight Years in Jail for Voter Fraud." NBC News.
- Mathis, Joel (2015, June 24). "Three Philly Election Officials Face Voter Fraud Charges." News & Opinion.
- Ya Ez, Benavides, & Vela (2007). "In Re: Juan Angel Guerra, District and County Attorney for Willacy County, State of Texas-Appeal from 197th District Court of Willacy County." Court of Appeals, 13th District of Texas.
- Munro, Neil (2011, November 24). "12 Charged with Voter Fraud in Georgia Election." Daily Caller.
(2011, November 22). "12 Former Officials Indicted for Voter Fraud." WALB 6 News.
- Hart, Ariel (2016, January 4). "Georgian Stung by Voter Law Gets Elected." Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
- Kaplan, Jonah (2019, February 18). "Republican Campaign Paid For 'Coordinated, Unlawful' Absentee Ballot Scheme in NC 9th District Election, Investigators Said." ABC 11 Eyewitness News.
- Raines, Liz (2018, October 30). "Party Leaders Seek State Transparency on Prospective Voter Fraud." KTVA.
- Stanton, S. (2019, August 19). "Mexican Man Facing Voter Fraud Trial in Sacramento. He's a Trump Supporter." Sacramento Bee.
- U.S. Attorney's Office Eastern District of California (2019, August 23). "Illegal Alien Residing in Sacramento Convicted of Aggravated Identity Theft, Passport Fraud, and Voting by an Alien." Department of Justice.
- Snead, Jason (2017, May 3). "While the Left Ignores Voter Fraud, More Evidence Mounts to Prove Them Wrong." Heritage Foundation.
- Condon, Stephanie (2014, June 26). "Scott Walker Supporter Claims Amnesia in Voter Fraud Case." CBS News.
- Freeman, Marc (2015, March 27). "West Boynton Man to be Jailed in Voter Registration Fraud Case." South Florida Sun Sentinel.
- Broadwater, Luke (2011, December 6). "Schurick Guilty of Election Fraud in Robocall Case." Baltimore Sun.
- Beyerle, D. (2002, October 20). "Alabama Not Rid of Voter Fraud." Tuscaloosa News.
- Harris, P. (1997, November 26-December 3). "Petaluma Voter Fraud." Sonoma County Independent.
- Decinzo, S. (1998, May 28-June 3). "Independent Election Guide." Sonoma County Independent.
- Associated Press (1996, December 3). "Boy, Father Charged in Voter Fraud Case." WRAL News.
- Warren, P.M. (1997, December 5). "Carmony Pleads Guilty in Baugh Campaign Case." Los Angeles Times.
- Lau, T. (2018, November 27). "Senate to Vote on Trump Judicial Nominee Who Defended Voter Suppression." Brennan Center.
N.a. (1992, February 27). "Helms’ Campaign Denies It Tried to Intimidate Black Voters." Associated Press.
Associated Press (1990, November 2). "The 1990 Campaign:Democrats Accuse G.O.P. of Voter Intimidation in Two States." New York Times.
- Schmidt, W.E. (1986, October 15). "No More Selling of Votes? County is a Little Wary." New York Times.
- Cohen, M. (1986, April 20). "Selling Votes a Way of Life in Western N.C." South Florida Sun-Sentinel.