Voter fraud cases not included

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The following are cases not included on my Voter Fraud page for the following reasons. While voter fraud is a serious issue, questionable cases like some of these where potentially well-meaning or even innocent people are wrongfully accused complicate the subject. Although reform is necessary to stop widespread abuse of our electoral system, we must also ensure that it does not lead to incorrect, overzealous targeting that wrongfully encompasses the innocent.

Business Address Confusion[edit]

I do not consider cases where a business address was mistakenly used instead of a residential address to constitute voter fraud, regardless of whether charges result or not, unless double voting is clearly involved.

2018 Elections[edit]

Phenix City, AL[edit]

In the November election, 82 people registered to vote using their business address instead of their residential address, and approximately 30 voted.[1]

Residential Address Confusion[edit]

In some cases there is confusion over whether someone lived in the district or not. This can be due to living part-time in different counties. To me, this does not reach the level of serious voting fraud, as there is not an attempt to sway election results.

2012 Elections[edit]

IN Secretary of State Charlie White[edit]

Charlie White, a Republican, was found guilty of six Class D felony charges including voter fraud, perjury, and theft relating to his residency while on the Fishers Town Council. White, while on the town council, moved into a new townhome outside the district and was no longer living with his ex-wife in-district. As such, he ran afoul of residency requirements for holding office.

2009 Elections[edit]

New Brunswick, NJ--Police Lt. Robert Tierney[edit]

Tierney was suspended without pay from his job as a police lieutenant after being indicted for voter fraud. Tierney continued voting in the city's general elections from 2004-09 while living in other municipalities.[3]

Accidental Double Voting[edit]

On rare cases, people vote twice in a single election, sometimes because they sent a mail-in ballot and vote in person. At other times the confusion can be caused by people moving from one county or state to another. In some cases these are well-meaning individuals who just want to be sure their vote is recorded and mistakenly assume the system will automatically correct any double vote.

2018 Elections[edit]

Wasau, AK--David Kitkowski[edit]

The 70-year-old Kitkowski sent in two absentee ballots with his deceased mother's name on them, months after she had passed away.[4] The case was ultimately dismissed with both parties agreeing he was not competent to stand trial.[5]

2016 Elections[edit]

CA, 3 Persons[edit]

Deidra Vrooman was living in her car at the time, going back and forth between the Grass Valley and Berkeley counties in California. She ended up registered to vote in both counties and was mailed two absentee ballots, one for each county. She sent both in, unsure which was valid, "with the assumption that the state was sophisticated enough to eliminate the one that wasn’t relevant." She is now facing felony ballot fraud, along with another Nevada County woman who made the same mistake, for double voting during the 2016 elections.[6]

In a separate case, Richard Anthony Hamilton, registered twice, in 2014 and 2016, using different birthdays. He claims he probably just gave wrong information to a Walmart registrar in 2014 because he "probably did not trust the guy." After sending in both absentee ballot applications that he received, he has since been charged with voting twice in the 2016 primary and general elections.[7]

Des Moines, IA--3 Persons[edit]

2015 Elections[edit]

Powhatan County, VA--Curtis W. Blankenship[edit]

Blankenship, a pastor at Cumberland Baptist Temple, will likely have charges dropped against him after he applied for an absentee ballot after casting one. He claimed he was just "testing the system" and never intended to vote a second time.[9] Ironically, Blankenship's case appears to be that of a well-meaning citizen trying to make sure the system was preventing voter fraud.

2010 Elections[edit]

CO--3 Persons[edit]

In the case of Lincoln L. Wilson, he is charged with a felony for voting in both Colorado and Kansas. Wilson says he lives on the county bordering both states and lives part-time in both. He further denies voting twice in any given election.

Accidental Felon Voting[edit]

2014 Elections[edit]

Charlotte, NC Mayor Patrick Cannon[edit]

Patrick Cannon, the former Democrat Mayor of Charlotte, NC, illegally voted in the 2014 elections. Cannon is a felon because he accepted a $50,000 bribe from undercover FBI agents. However, his illegal voting appears to have been an inadvertent mistake, made by a first-time felon accustomed to voting in every election.[11]

Citizenship Confusion[edit]

In at least one recent case, a Green Card holder claims she thought she had voting rights, and is now being charged. Where there is uncertainty, I prefer to just exclude cases like this without clear evidence of intentional wrongdoing.

2014 Elections[edit]

TX--Rose Maria Ortega[edit]

Rose Maria Ortega, a Republican, voted five times between 2004 and 2014, including for the Attorney General Ken Paxton who has since prosecuted her. She claims that since her Green Card says 'resident' on it that she thought she was not only entitled to vote, but had a civic responsibility to do so. Prosecutors dispute the claim on the basis of her driver's license application, when she told authorities that she was a resident alien. She has since been sentenced to 8 years in jail with deportation likely after her sentence is finished. The case is now being widely used to lampoon Republican efforts to stop voter fraud.[12]

Assisting Relatives[edit]

2015 Elections[edit]

Philadelphia, PA--3 Charged[edit]

Both Robin Trainor and Laura Murtaugh are charged for an incident in which Trainor helped her husband vote, and also filed a vote on behalf of her son. In a separate case, Cheryl Ali was charged with voting on behalf of her elderly ill mother. All three are Philadelphia election officials who should know better.[13] That being said, such stupidity does not necessarily arise to the level of voter fraud in my opinion, unless the son or husband can be proven to have had their intended votes miscast against their will.

Ultimate Acquittal[edit]

Willacy County, TX--D.A. Juan Angel Guerra[edit]

Juan Angel Guerra, the D.A. and County Attorney for Willacy County, TX, was prosecuted for voter fraud allegedly committed during the March 2004 elections. However, the court could not determine what evidence had been involved in the case, which ultimately did not produce a conviction. As such, there is not definite evidence of fraud, and it is therefore excluded.

Brooks County, GA--12 Charged[edit]

A total of 12 former Democrat officials were indicted for absentee ballot fraud, including workers in the voter registrar's office and school board members. Angela Bryant, April Proctor, Brenda Monds, Debra Denard, Lula Smart, Kechia Harrison, Robert Denard, Sandra Cody, Elizabeth Thomas, Linda Troutman, Latashia Head, and Nancy Denard were all charged with voter fraud, following an election which had an unusually high number of absentee ballots filed.[15] However, the case ultimately collapsed with the defendants exonerated.[16]

Cases Involving Republicans[edit]

Because Democrats typically claim voter fraud doesn't exist, whereas Republicans claim that it does, cases involving Republicans are shown separately, to better show fraud specifically involving Democrats. As such, I am including cases that I know to clearly involve Republicans here, lest Democrats seeing the Voter Fraud page attempt to falsely portray it as predominantly involving cases of Republicans committing voter fraud.

2018 Elections[edit]

NC 9th District[edit]

Widespread allegations of voting fraud altering the result have been made in a race narrowly won (905 votes) by Republican Representative Mark Harris. Leslie McRae Dowless while working for Red Dome, a firm hired by Harris, committed absentee ballot fraud by falsifying absentee ballot forms.[17]

Alaska 15th District--Dead Voters[edit]

Seven absentee ballots were received by the District's Board of Elections for people legally dead, in the Republican primary race between Gabrielle LeDoux and Aaron Weaver which LeDoux won by 117 votes. An investigation is underway.[18]

Sacramento, CA--Gustavo Araujo Lerma[edit]

Gustavo Araujo Lerma, an avowed Trump supporter, was sentenced in August 2019 for illegally voting in federal elections after he acquired and began fraudulently using the identity of a deceased U.S. citizen named Hiram Velez.[19]

2016 Elections[edit]

CO--Toni Lee Newbill[edit]

Newbill, a Republican, plead guilty to voting twice, in both 2013 and 2016, on behalf of her deceased father.She was sentenced to 18 months of unsupervised probation, 30 hours of community service, and fined $500.[21]

2012 Elections[edit]

WI--Robert Monroe[edit]

A supporter of Scott Walker cast 5 ballots in the 2012 recall election and was charged with 13 felonies, but claims he doesn't remember due to temporary amnesia. Monroe is a supporter of Republican Scott Walker.[22]

West Boynton, FL--William Hazard[edit]

William Hazard, a Republican, plead guilty to a felony charge of voter registration fraud and three misdemeanor charges for attempted submission of false voter registration information. Hazard submitted false voter registration forms identifying people as Republican even though they were Democrats in the 2012 elections. He was sentenced to 11 days in the Palm Beach County Jail, 3 years probation, and fined $7,500.[23]

2010 Elections[edit]

Baltimore, MD--Paul Schurick[edit]

Paul Schurick, the campaign manager for Republican Robert L. Ehrlich Jr.'s 2010 campaign, oversaw an effort to suppress black voters through sending a robocall pretending that the Democrat opponent, Governor Martin O'Malley, had already won, even though the polls hadn't yet closed, in an attempt to prevent them from voting.[24]

2000 Elections[edit]

1996 Elections[edit]

Petaluma, CA--5 Charged[edit]

A circle of real estate-investing Republican politicians were convicted for voter fraud and forgery. They forged roughly 2,000 petition signatures to get a land-swap measure on the ballot. They included:[26]

  • Martin McClure (R), an aide to Sonoma County Supervisor Paul Kelley from 1994-97 who ran for State Rep. in 1986.
  • Steve Henrickson (R), a member of the Sonoma County Republican Party Central Committee who ran for the state legislature in 1996.
  • Marion Hodge, a 12-year aide to Sonoma County Supervisor Jim Harberson.
  • Craig and Shelly Arthur.

Following the scandal, Sonoma County Supervisor Jim Harberson decided not to run for re-election.[27]

Durham County --2 Charged[edit]

1995 Elections[edit]

Rhonda Carmony, a GOP activist and wife of Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, plead guilty to recruiting and placing on the ballot a decoy Democrat candidate to split the Democrat vote in the 1995 elections. She was sentenced to three years probation, 300 hours of community service, and fined $2,800.[29]

1990 Elections[edit]

IL--Sen. Jesse Helms[edit]

The Department of Justice ruled that Helms had sought to intimidate black voters from voting in the 1990 federal elections by falsely sending them letters warning they would be arrested if voting. The controversy would resurface years later with President Trump's decision to nominate Thomas Farr as a federal judge, given Farr's role as a counsel on Helms' 1990 campaign.[30]

1982 Elections[edit]

Clay County, NC--41 Convicted[edit]

To be fair, politicians on both sides were indicted in 'Project Westvote', one of the largest voter-fraud cases in history, including Sheriff E. Hartsell Moore Jr. a Republican and his opponent Howard Barnard, a Democrat. Nor does the number reflect the actual number of those involved, since the federal investigators declined to prosecute vote-sellers, only the ones buying the votes.[31]


  1. Williams, Chuck (2018, August 13). "Judge Instructs Grand Jury to Consider Phenix City Voter Fraud Allegations." Ledger-Inquirer.
  2. Guerra, Kristine (2015, October 5). "Former Indiana Secretary of State Charlie White Begins Home Detention Sentence." USA Today.
  3. Haydon, Tom (2011, April 21). "New Brunswick Police Lieutenant Suspended Without Pay after Voter Fraud Indictment." Advance Media.
  4. Williams, Rashad (2018, November 20). "Wasau Man Charged with Voter Fraud." ABC 9 News.
  5. Cambrosius (2019, February 19). "Case Dismissed in Wausau Voter Fraud Case." WAOW 9 ABC News.
  6. Greenwood, Angela (2018, November 28). "Woman Accused Of Voter Fraud After Mailing In Two Absentee Ballots In 2016." CBS13 Sacramento.
  7. De Atley, Richard K. (2018, November 1). "One Voter Fraud Case Filed After 2017 Riverside County Investigation." The Press-Enterprise.
  8. Haley, Charly (2016, October 27). "3 Suspected of Voter Fraud in Polk County." Des Moines Register.
  9. Bowes, Mark (2016, February 19). "Felony Voter Fraud Charge Likely to be Dismissed Against Powhatan Pastor." Richmond Times-Dispatch.
    McFarland, Laura (2015, December 7). "Powhatan Pastor Arrested for Voter Fraud." Richmond Times-Dispatch.
  10. Lowry, Brian (2015, October 13). "Kris Kobach Files to Prosecute Three Voter Fraud Cases in Kansas." Eagle Topeka-Bureau.
  11. Gordon, Michael (2015, February 3). "Former Charlotte Mayor Patrick Cannon Indicted on Voter Fraud." Charlotte Observer.
  12. Timm, Jane C. (2018, November 28). "Texas Woman with Four Children Gets Eight Years in Jail for Voter Fraud." NBC News.
  13. Mathis, Joel (2015, June 24). "Three Philly Election Officials Face Voter Fraud Charges." News & Opinion.
  14. Ya Ez, Benavides, & Vela (2007). "In Re: Juan Angel Guerra, District and County Attorney for Willacy County, State of Texas-Appeal from 197th District Court of Willacy County." Court of Appeals, 13th District of Texas.
  15. Munro, Neil (2011, November 24). "12 Charged with Voter Fraud in Georgia Election." Daily Caller.
    (2011, November 22). "12 Former Officials Indicted for Voter Fraud." WALB 6 News.
  16. Hart, Ariel (2016, January 4). "Georgian Stung by Voter Law Gets Elected." Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
  17. Kaplan, Jonah (2019, February 18). "Republican Campaign Paid For 'Coordinated, Unlawful' Absentee Ballot Scheme in NC 9th District Election, Investigators Said." ABC 11 Eyewitness News.
  18. Raines, Liz (2018, October 30). "Party Leaders Seek State Transparency on Prospective Voter Fraud." KTVA.
  19. Stanton, S. (2019, August 19). "Mexican Man Facing Voter Fraud Trial in Sacramento. He's a Trump Supporter." Sacramento Bee.
  20. U.S. Attorney's Office Eastern District of California (2019, August 23). "Illegal Alien Residing in Sacramento Convicted of Aggravated Identity Theft, Passport Fraud, and Voting by an Alien." Department of Justice.
  21. Snead, Jason (2017, May 3). "While the Left Ignores Voter Fraud, More Evidence Mounts to Prove Them Wrong." Heritage Foundation.
  22. Condon, Stephanie (2014, June 26). "Scott Walker Supporter Claims Amnesia in Voter Fraud Case." CBS News.
  23. Freeman, Marc (2015, March 27). "West Boynton Man to be Jailed in Voter Registration Fraud Case." South Florida Sun Sentinel.
  24. Broadwater, Luke (2011, December 6). "Schurick Guilty of Election Fraud in Robocall Case." Baltimore Sun.
  25. Beyerle, D. (2002, October 20). "Alabama Not Rid of Voter Fraud." Tuscaloosa News.
  26. Harris, P. (1997, November 26-December 3). "Petaluma Voter Fraud." Sonoma County Independent.
  27. Decinzo, S. (1998, May 28-June 3). "Independent Election Guide." Sonoma County Independent.
  28. Associated Press (1996, December 3). "Boy, Father Charged in Voter Fraud Case." WRAL News.
  29. Warren, P.M. (1997, December 5). "Carmony Pleads Guilty in Baugh Campaign Case." Los Angeles Times.
  30. Lau, T. (2018, November 27). "Senate to Vote on Trump Judicial Nominee Who Defended Voter Suppression." Brennan Center.
    N.a. (1992, February 27). "Helms’ Campaign Denies It Tried to Intimidate Black Voters." Associated Press.
    Associated Press (1990, November 2). "The 1990 Campaign:Democrats Accuse G.O.P. of Voter Intimidation in Two States." New York Times.
  31. 31.0 31.1 Schmidt, W.E. (1986, October 15). "No More Selling of Votes? County is a Little Wary." New York Times.
  32. Cohen, M. (1986, April 20). "Selling Votes a Way of Life in Western N.C." South Florida Sun-Sentinel.