DC Citations

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Hyperlinked Sources

The following are hyperlinked citations for Defending Conservatism. Because my book was more than a decade in the making, some may be outdated. Let me know if any links are outdated and I will do my best to find a modern, working equivalent. By my count there are 714 total citations containing 957 total sources (not including footnotes).

Section I. Social Issues

Chapter 1: Civil Rights

  1. Encyclopaedia Britannica (n.d.). “Democratic-Republican Party.Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc.
  2. American Experience (n.d.). “Eisenhower.PBS.
    Andrews, E. (2014, December 16). “8 Things You May Not Know About the Battle of the Bulge.History Channel.
  3. The Relentless Conservative (2011, August 24). “The Democratic Party’s Two-Facedness of Race Relations.Huffington Post.
  4. Nichols, David A (2007, September 12). “Ike Liked Civil Rights.New York Times.
  5. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1865, January 31). “To Pass S.J. Res. 16. (P. 531-2).GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1864, April 8). “To Pass S.J. Res. 16.GovTrack.us.
  6. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1866, April 9). “To Override Veto of S. 61. (P. 1861).GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1866, April 6). “To Override President's Veto of S. 61. (P. 1809-3).GovTrack.us.
  7. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1866, June 13). “To Concur in a Senate Amendment to H. J. Res. 127.GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1866, June 8). “To Pass H.J. Res. 127. (P. 3042-2).GovTrack.us.
  8. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1869, February 25). “To Agree to the Conference Committee Report on S.J. Res. 8.GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1869, February 26). “To Agree to Conference Committee Report on S.J. Res. 8, Proposing an Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. (P. 1638-2).” GovTrack.us.
  9. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1870, May 27). “To Agree to the Conference Report on H.R. 1293, a Bill to Enforce the Right of Citizens to Vote. (P. 3853-3).” GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1870, May 25). “To Agree to the Conference Report on H.R. 1293. (P. 3800, 3809).” GovTrack.us.
  10. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1871, April 19). “To Adopt Conference Report on H.R. 320.GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1871, April 19). “To Concur in Conference Report on H.R. 320.GovTrack.us.
  11. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1875, February 4). “To Pass H.R. 796.GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1875, February 4). “To Pass H.R. 796.GovTrack.us.
  12. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1919, May 21). “To Pass H.J. Res. 1, Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution Extending the Right of Suffrage to Women. (P. 78-2).GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1919, June 1). “To Pass HJR 1.GovTrack.us.
  13. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1957, June 18). “HR 6127, Civil Rights Act of 1957, Passed.GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1957, August 7). “HR. 6127, Civil Rights Act of 1957, Passed.GovTrack.us.
  14. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1960, April 21). “HR 8601, Civil Rights Act of 1960, Approval by the House of the Senate's Amendments.GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1960, April 8). “HR. 8601, Passage of Amended Bill.GovTrack.us.
  15. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1963, May 23). “H.R. 6060, Equal Pay Act Requiring that Equal Work Be Compensated with Equal Pay Regardless of the Sex of the Workers.GovTrack.us.
    Equal Pay Act for Women Enacted.CQ Almanac 1963, 19th ed. (pp. 511-13).
  16. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1964, July 2). “H.R. 7152, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Adoption of a Resolution (H. Res. 789) Providing for House Approval of the Bill as Amended by the Senate.GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1964, June 19). “H.R. 7152, Passage.GovTrack.us.
  17. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1965, August 3). “To Agree to Conference Report on S. 1564, the Voting Rights Act.GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1965, August 4). “To Agree to the Conference Report on S. 1564, the Voting Rights Act of 1965.GovTrack.us.
  18. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1965, September 30). “To Agree to the Conference Report on H.R. 2580, the Immigration and Nationality Act.GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1965, September 22). “To Pass H.R. 2580, Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments.GovTrack.us.
  19. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1991, November 7). “S. 1745 (102nd): Civil Rights Act of 1991 (On Passage of the Bill).GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1991, October 30). “S. 1745 (102nd): Civil Rights Act of 1991 (On Passage of the Bill).GovTrack.us.
  20. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1996, May 10). “H.R. 3286 (104th): Adoption Promotion and Stability Act of 1996 (On Passage of the Bill).GovTrack.us.
  21. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1998, May 14). “H.R. 2431 (105th): International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (On Passage of the Bill).GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1998, October 9). “H.R. 2431 (105th): International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (On Passage of the Bill).GovTrack.us.
  22. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (2000, September 26). “H.R. 4292 (106th): Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2000 (On Motion to Suspend the Rules and Pass, as Amended).GovTrack.us.
    On the Amendment (Santorum Amdt. No. 814) (2001, June 29).United States Senate.
  23. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (2003, October 2). “S. 3 (108th): Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 (On the Conference Report).GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (2003, October 21). “S. 3 (108th): Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 (On the Conference Report).GovTrack.us.
  24. Greenberg, D. (2002, July 6). “Civil Rights: Let 'Em Wiretap!History News Network.
    Christenson, J. (2008, December 29). “FBI Tracked King's Every Move.CNN.
    Capaccio, T. (2013, August 27). “MLK's Speech Attracted FBI's Intense Attention.The Washington Post.
  25. Gardner, M.R. (2002). “Harry Truman and Civil Rights (pp. 82-83).Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN: 0-8093-2425-3.
    Rueter, T. (1995). “The Politics of Race: African Americans and the Political System.” p. 237. New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.
  26. The Relentless Conservative (2011, August 24). “The Democratic Party's Two-Facedness of Race Relations.The Huffington Post.
    Kessler, Ronald (1996). “Inside the White House.p. 33. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0671879197.
  27. Hutchinson, E.O. (2013, November 17). “JFK's Civil Rights Legacy: 50 Years of Myth and Fact.The Huffington Post.
  28. Haney-Lopez, I (2013, December 22). “How the GOP Became the ‘White Man’s Party.’Salon.
  29. Peters, G. & Wooley, J.T. (1900, July 4). “Democratic Party Platforms: Democratic Party Platform of 1900.The American Presidency Project, University of California, Santa Barbara.
  30. Rogers, W.A. (1908, July 11). “Where He Keeps the Labor Vote.Harper's Weekly.
  31. Peters, G. & Wooley, J.T. (1900, June 19). “Republican Party Platforms: Republican Party Platform of 1900.The American Presidency Project, University of California, Santa Barbara.
  32. Peters, G. & Wooley, J.T. (1856, June 2). “Democratic Party Platforms: Democratic Party Platform of 1856.The American Presidency Project, University of California, Santa Barbara.
  33. Peters, G. & Wooley, J.T. (1860, June 2). “Republican Party Platforms: Republican Party Platform of 1860.The American Presidency Project, University of California, Santa Barbara.
  34. N.a. (1964, June 10). “Civil Rights Filibuster Ended.United States Senate.
  35. Parks, B. (2010, March 19). “The Dixiecrat Myth.Black-and-Right.
  36. Nazism.Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  37. Twentieth Century History: Germany in Transition, c. 1929-1947, Changing Life for the German People." BBC GGSE Bitesize.
  38. This Day in History: March 23rd, 1919 – Mussolini Founds the Fascist Party.History Channel.
  39. Greenspan, J. (2012). “9 Things You May Not Know About Mussolini.History Channel.
  40. Smith, Denis M. (1983). “Mussolini: A Biography.” p. 311. New York Vintage Books.
  41. N.a. (2009, February 19). “Baptists Denounce Latest Westboro Stunt.Christianity Today.
  42. N.a. “Fred Phelps Timeline.Intelligence Report, Spring 2001, Issue Number: 101. Southern Poverty Law Center.
  43. Stone, A. (2011, May 3). “Fred Phelps' Daughters May Misread Bible but They Know the Law.AOL News.
  44. Fry, S. (2010, October 5). “Powder Sent to Phelps Law Firm.The Topeka Capital-Journal.
  45. N.a. “Topeka: A City Bulled into Submission by the Westboro Baptist Church.Intelligence Report, Spring 2001, Issue Number: 101. Southern Poverty Law Center.
  46. Hagerty, B.B. (2011, March 2). “A Peek Inside the Westboro Baptist Church.NPR.
    Intelligence Files: Westboro Baptist Church.Southern Poverty Law Center.
    About Westboro Baptist Church.FredPhelps.com.
    Extremism in America: Westboro Baptist Church.Anti-Defamation League.
    Intelligence Profiles: Fred Phelps.Southern Poverty Law Center.
    Stenovec, T. (2012, December 16). “Westboro Baptist Church Says It Will Picket Vigil for Connecticut School Shooting Victims.The Huffington Post.
    N.a. (2008, August 8). “Church Members Enter Canada, Aiming to Picket Bus Victim's Funeral.CBC News.
    Marcus, S. (2013, June 28). “Westboro Baptist Church Plans to Picket Taylor Swift Concert, Calls Her A 'Whore.'The Huffington Post.
    Hafiz, Y. (2013, September 26). “Blake Shelton, Westboro Baptists' Latest Target, Is The Opposite Of Scared.The Huffington Post.
    N.a. (2013, July 15). “Westboro Baptist Church's Plan to Picket Cory Monteith's Funeral Is Shameful.The Huffington Post.
  47. Sarlin, B. (2010, April 16). “Liberals Crash the Tea Party.The Daily Beast / Newsweek.
    Linkins, J. (2010, June 14). “Tea Party 'Crashers' Plan To Prank Conservative Activists.The Huffington Post.
  48. Winter, J. (2010, April 16). “Teacher Who Sought to ‘Demolish’ Tea Party Placed on Leave from School.FOX News.
    Ryan, A. (2010, April 11). “Tea Party is on Guard for Hub Stop.The Boston Globe.
  49. Montopoli, B. (2010, April 13). “Tea Party Foes Target Movement ‘Morons.’CBS News.
  50. Associated Press (2010, April 16). “Oregon Teacher, Anti-Tea Party Activist Put on Leave.USA Today.
  51. Winter, J. (2010, April 27). “Anti-Tea Party Teacher Back in the Classroom.FOX News.
  52. King, L. (2000, February 15). “South Carolina Republican Debate.CNN.
    N.a. (2004, September 2). “A Senate Candidate Calls Gays Hedonists.The New York Times.
  53. Signorile, M. (2004, August 31). “Alan Keyes Discusses Homosexuality with Sirius OutQ.Sirius OutQ.
  54. Associated Press (2004, September 2). “Keyes: Cheney’s Daughter Practicing Selfish Hedonism.NBC News.
    Skalka, J. & Casillas, O. (2004, August 31). “Keyes Defends Comments About Cheney's Gay Daughter.Chicago Tribune.
    Johnson, C.R. (2004, August 31). “Alan Keyes Slams Mary Cheney.Daily Kos.
    Rich, F. (2004, October 24). “The O’Reilly Factor for Lesbians.The New York Times.
  55. Pallasch, A.M. (2004, September 2). “Topinka Says He Should Apologize for 'Idiotic' Comment.Chicago Sun-Times.
  56. Farah, J. (2004, September 3). “What Alan Keyes Actually Said.World Net Daily.
  57. Magary, D. (2013, December). “What the Duck?GQ Magazine.
  58. Crain, A. (2013, December 19). “Duck Dynasty's Phil Robertson Suspended for Views on Homosexuality.Salem Web Network.
  59. Hannity, S. (2013, December 19). “Sarah Palin, Gov. Jindal, 'Duck Dynasty' Fans React to Phil Robertson's Suspension by A&E.FOX News.
    The Reliable Source (2013, December 19). “Sarah Palin, Gov. Bobby Jindal Defend Phil Robertson After He’s Suspended from ‘Duck Dynasty’ (Updated).The Washington Post.
    N.a. (2013, December 19). “'Duck Dynasty' Star Phil Robertson Suspended by A&E.FOX News.
    Associated Press (2013, December 27). “A&E Lifts Phil Robertson’s ‘Duck Dynasty’ Suspension.CBS News.
    Yahr, E. (2013, December 27). “A&E Retracts its Suspension of ‘Duck Dynasty’ Star Phil Robertson.The Washington Post.

Chapter 2: Abortion

  1. Blake, A. (2013, August 2). “Guess who likes the GOP’s 20-week abortion ban? Women.The Washington Post.
  2. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1919, May 21). “To Pass H.J. Res. 1, Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution Extending the Right of Suffrage to Women. (P. 78-2).GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1919, June 1). “To Pass HJR 1.GovTrack.us.
  3. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (1963, May 23). “H.R. 6060, Equal Pay Act Requiring that Equal Work be Compensated with Equal Pay Regardless of the Sex of the Workers.GovTrack.us.
  4. Bo Gu, B. (2012, June 14). “Gruesome Photos Put Spotlight on China's One-Child Policy.NBC News.
  5. Hayes, A. (2012, April 30). “Activists Allege Forced Abortions, Sterilizations in China.CNN.
    Littlejohn, R. (2012, April 27). “The Real War Against Women: Forced Abortion, Gendercide.LifeNews.
  6. Ling, C. “One-Child Policy Statistics.AllGirlsAllowed.com.
  7. Riviera, G. (2012, June 14). “How China's Forced Abortion Policy Hits Two Women.ABC News.
    Wong, E. (2012, July 22). “Reports of Forced Abortions Fuel Push to End Chinese Law.New York Times.
    MacLeod, C. (2012, July 24). “Pressure Mounts to Stop China's Forced Abortions.USA Today.
    Sudworth, J. (2012, June 15). “Chinese Officials Apologize to Woman in Forced Abortion.BBC News.
  8. Saad, L. (2013, May 15). “Americans Misjudge U.S. Abortion Views.Gallup.
  9. Abortion.Gallup. McGurn, W. (2010, June 1). “Gallup’s Pro-Life America.The Wall Street Journal.
  10. Collier, M. (2013, May 10). “Majority of Americans Against Most Abortions, New Gallup Poll Finds.The Christian Post.
  11. Saad, L. (2011, August 8). “Plenty of Common Ground Found in Abortion Debate.Gallup Politics.
  12. Ethics - Abortion: Responsibility of the Mother.BBC News.
  13. (2013, January 8). “Planned Parenthood Receives Record Amount of Taxpayer Support.FOX News.
  14. Abortion in Self-Defence.BBC News.
  15. Johnston, W.R. (2008, October 9). “Reasons Given for Having Abortions in the United States.Johnston's Archive.
  16. Abortion History Timeline.National Right to Life Committee.
  17. Beckwith, F.J. (1991). “Doesn't a Woman Have the Right to Control Her Own Body?Christian Research Journal.
  18. McLachlan, H.V. (1997). “Bodies, Rights, and Abortions.Journal of Medical Ethics. Vol. 23. p. 176.
  19. Levin, M.R. (2005, March 14). “Death by Privacy.The National Review.
  20. Randolph, A. Raymond. “Before Roe v. Wade: Judge Friendly's Draft Abortion Opinion.Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy. Vol. 29.
  21. Lucente, T.J. (2012, January 29). “Right to Privacy is Not a Right to Kill.Freedom Communications.
  22. Franz, W. (2009, January 22). “Statement of Wanda Franz, Ph.D.National Right to Life Committee.
  23. Meet Kristen, Executive Director of DFLA.Democrats for Life of America.
  24. Marjorie Danenfelser.Susan B. Anthony List.
  25. Stanek, J. JillStanek.com.
  26. Keyes, A. (1997). “Former Presidential Candidate, Alan Keyes Shares His Views on the Commonalities Between Abortion and Slavery.AbortionTV.
    Keyes, A. (2003). “Abortion Quotes.NotableQuotes.
  27. Good Morning America (2007, February 27). “Tiny Miracle Baby ‘Fought for Her Life.’ABC News.
    Rochman, B. (2011, May 27). “A 21-Week-Old Baby Survives and Doctors Ask, How Young is Too Young to Save?Time Magazine.
  28. Wolfberg, A. (2008, April 27). “Extreme Preemies.The Boston Globe.
  29. (2011, August). “Facts on Induced Abortion in the United States.Guttmacher Institute.
  30. Clowes, B. (2001). “The Facts of Life.” Ch. 12. Front Royal: Human Life International.
    (2009). “Sharing the Pro-Life Message: Life in the Womb.Pro-Life Action League.
  31. Abortion in the U.S.National Right to Life Committee.
    Johnston, W.R. (2010, May 9). “Summary of Registered Abortions Worldwide, through April 2010.”  Johnston's Archive.
  32. Abortion and the Definition of the Beginnings of Human Life.Physicians for Life.
  33. (2009, June 1). “Greek Medicine – The Hippocratic Oath.National Library of Medicine.
  34. Ex-Abortionists Expose America's Greatest Scandal.World Net Daily.
  35. Kupelian, D. (2005, January 20). “How Lying Marketers Sold Roe v. Wade to America.World Net Daily.
  36. Johnson, A.M., & Richards, C. “Annual Report 2012-13.Planned Parenthood.
    Annual Report 2007-2008.Planned Parenthood.
  37. Wetzstein, C. (2014, May 28). “Report Tracks Abuses at Abortion Clinics, Demands Defunding.The Washington Times.
  38. Schmidt, D. (2010, May 14). “DATA: 36.7% of Planned Parenthood’s ‘Health Center Income’ is from Abortions.Live Action.
  39. Dudley, S. (2003). “Economics of Abortion.National Abortion Federation.

Chapter 3: Religious Freedom

  1. God In America, People and Ideas: Thomas Jefferson.PBS.
  2. Jefferson, T. (1802, January 1). “Letter to the Danbury Baptists Association.StephenJayGould.org.
  3. Heyrman, C.L. (2013, May 2). “The Separation of Church and State from the American Revolution to the Early Republic.” Divining America, TeacherServe. National Humanities Center.
  4. Greenstein, N. (1915, May 6). “Penn and Peace.; His Plan for a United States of Europe to Promote Peace.The New York Times.
  5. William Penn.Encyclopædia Britannica.
    People and Ideas: William Penn.PBS.
  6. Penn, W. (1696, November 1). “Frame of Government of Pennsylvania.Yale Law School. The Avalon Project.
  7. Penn, W. (1682). “Frame of Government of Pennsylvania.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  8. Penn, W. (1682). “Frame of Government of Pennsylvania.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  9. Penn, W. (1701, October 28). “Charter of Privileges Granted by William Penn, esq. to the Inhabitants of Pennsylvania and Territories, October 28, 1701.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School..
  10. Penn, W. (1693). “An Essay Towards the Present and Future Peace of Europe.” The American Peace Society.
  11. N.a. (n.d.). “This Day in History: February 5 – Roger Williams, Rhode Island Founder.Library of Congress.
  12. History.com Staff (2009). “Roger Williams.History Channel.
    N.a. (2016, July 1). “Roger Williams.Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  13. William, R. (1644). “The Bloudy Tenent of Persecution for Cause of Conscience, Discussed in a Conference Between Truth and Peace.
  14. The Avalon Project. “Constitution of Delaware; 1776.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  15. The Avalon Project. “Constitution of Georgia; February 5, 1777.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  16. The Avalon Project. “Constitution of Maryland - November 11, 1776.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  17. The Avalon Project. “Constitution of New Jersey; 1776.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  18. The Avalon Project. “Constitution of North Carolina: December 18, 1776.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  19. The Avalon Project. “Constitution of Pennsylvania - September 28, 1776.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  20. The Avalon Project. “Constitution of South Carolina - March 19, 1778.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  21. The Avalon Project. “Constitution of Vermont - July 8, 1777.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  22. TruthOrFiction.com. “The Fifty States Reference God in their Constitutions-Truth!
    God in the State Constitutions.USConstitution.net.
    Miller, D. (2008). “The State Constitutions are...Unconstitutional?Apologetics Press.
  23. Jefferson, T. (1785, October 31). “Act for Establishing Religious Freedom.U.S. National Archives.
  24. Jefferson, T. (1776, July 4). “Declaration of Independence.U.S. National Archives.
  25. Jefferson, T. (1805, March 4). “Second Inaugural Address.” Lillian Goldman Law Library. Yale Law School.
  26. Mount, S. “God in the State Constitutions.Independence Hall Association.
  27. Zacharias, R. (2000, February 10). “The Polemic Shot in the Foot.Ravi Zacharias International Ministries.
  28. Religion and the Founding of the American Republic: I. America as a Religious Refuge: The Seventeenth Century.Library of Congress.
  29. Voltaire (1901). “The Works of Voltaire.” pg. 209.
  30. Ragosta, John A. “James Madison: Memorial and Remonstrance against Religious Assessments.University of Virginia. MileStone Documents.
  31. Hunter, P. (2005, December 7). “Religious Affiliation of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America.Adherents.com.
  32. Religion and the Founding of the American Republic.Library of Congress.Knippen, J.H., &
    Farmer, E.M. (2011-12). “Does Prayer before Public Bodies Violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment?The Journal of the Dupage County Bar Association.
    Senate Historial Office. “Senate History: Senate Chaplain.U.S. Senate.
  33. Duche, Jacob (1774, September 7). “Prayer in Congress.The Congressional Prayer Caucus.
  34. Religion and the Founding of the American Republic.Library of Congress.
    Knippen, James H. II, & Farmer, Elizabeth M. (2011-12). “Does Prayer before Public Bodies Violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment?The Journal of the Dupage County Bar Association.
    Senate History: Senate Chaplain.U.S. Senate. Senate Historical Office.
  35. The Avalon Project. “Treaty of Peace and Friendship, Signed at Tunis August 28, 1797.Yale Law School.
  36. Holmes, D.L. “The Founding Fathers, Deism, and Christianity.Encyclopædia Britannica.
  37. Lepore, J. (2006, October 16). “The Sharpened Quill.The New Yorker.
  38. Shay, C. (2011, May 10). “Top 10 Famous Stolen Body Parts: Remains of Thomas Paine.Time Magazine.
  39. Franklin, B. “Benjamin Franklin's Letter to Thomas Paine.Wall Builders.
  40. Chernow, R. (2010, June 26). “The Feuding Fathers.Wall Street Journal.
  41. Foner, P.S. (2014, August 20). “Thomas Paine British American Author.Encyclopædia Britannica.

Chapter 4: The Right to Bear Arms

  1. Halbrook, S.P. (2013, December 2). “How the Nazis Used Gun Control.National Review.
    Shevchenko, N. (2017, November 28). “How Russians Lost Their Own 2nd Amendment: The Right to Bear Arms.Russia Beyond.
  2. Greenberg, J. (2015, October 26). “Fact-Checking Ben Carson’s Claim that Gun Control Laws Allowed the Nazis to Carry Out Holocaust.PolitiFact.
  3. Emery, D. (2017, November 11). “A Little Gun History.Snopes.
  4. Cramer, C.E. (1993). “The Racist Roots of Gun Control.FirearmsAndLiberty.com.
  5. N.a. (2018, March 24). “39 Days: How Parkland Shooting Survivors Turned Grief into Action.CBS News.
  6. CNN Staff (2018, February 17). “Florida Student Emma Gonzalez to Lawmakers and Gun Control Advocates: 'We Call BS.’CNN.
  7. Bever, L. (2018, April 4). “A Parkland Student Shielded Others with His Body—and is the Last to Leave the Hospital Alive.Washington Post.
    Joyce, K. (2018, April 7). “Parkland Shooting Hero Blames Sheriff and Superintendent for Failing to Prevent Massacre.FOX News.
  8. Jancer, M. (2018, February 5). “Gun Control is as Old as the Old West.Smithsonian Institution.
  9. Madison, J. (1787, November 23). “The Federalist Papers: No. 10.Yale Law School, Lillian Goldman Law Library.

Chapter 5: Homosexuality

  1. Huston, W.T. (2016, April 23). “Top Twenty-Five Stories Proving Target’s Pro-Transgender Bathroom Policy is Dangerous to Women and Children.Breitbart News.
  2. Tomlin, G. (2015, July 31). “Scoutmaster Accused of Sexual Assault Same Day BSA Lifts Ban on Gay Leaders.” Christian Examiner.
  3. Grossman, C.L. (2011, July 13). “Calif. Gay ‘Role Model’ Bill Sparks Battle.USA Today.
  4. Transcript of the Constitution of the United States.National Archives.
  5. Jefferson, T. (1804, September 11). “From Thomas Jefferson to Abigail Smith Adams.” National Archives.
  6. Gates, G. J., & Newport, F. (2012, October 18). “Special Report: 3.4% of U.S. Adults Identify as LGBT.Gallup.
  7. Walker, M.D.; Hernandez, A.; & Davey, M. (2012, September 25). “Childhood Sexual Abuse and Adult Sexual Identity Formation: Intersection of Gender, Race, and Sexual Orientation.The American Journal of Family Therapy. Vol. 40, No. 5. pp. 385-498. doi: 10.1080/01926187.2011.627318.
    Aaron, D.J. & Hughes, T.L. (2012, September 6). “Association of Childhood Sexual Abuse With Obesity in a Community Sample of Lesbians.Obesity. Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 1023-1028. doi: 10.1038/ oby.2007.634.
  8. Hequembourg, A.; Bimbi, D.L.; & Parsons, J.T. (2011, March 9). “Sexual Victimization and Health-Related Indicators Among Sexual Minority Men.Journal of LGBT Issues Counseling. Vol. 5, No. 1. pp. 2-20. doi: 10.1080/15538605.2011.554603.
    Rosario, M.; Schrimshaw, E.W.; & Hunter, J. (2011, November 23). “A Model of Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Young Gay and Bisexual Men: Longitudinal Associations of Mental Health, Substance Abuse, Sexual Abuse, and the Coming-Out Process.AIDS Education Prev. Vol. 18, No. 5. pp. 444-460. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2006.18.5.444.
    Rothman, E.F.; Exner, D.; & Baughman, A.L. (2011). “The Prevalence of Sexual Assault Against People Who Identify as Gay, Lesbian, or Bisexual in the United States: A Systematic Review.Trauma, Violence, & Abuse. Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 55-66. doi: 10.1177/1524838010390707.
  9. Arreola, S.G.; Neilands, T.B.; & Diaz, R. (2009, October). “Childhood Sexual Abuse and the Sociocultural Context of Sexual Risk Among Adult Latino Gay and Bisexual Men.American Journal of Public Health. Vol. 99, Suppl. 2. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.138925.
  10. Austin, S.B.; Jun, H.; et. al. (2008, April 30). “Disparities in Child Abuse Victimization in Lesbian, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Women in the Nurses' Health Study II.Journal of Women's Health. Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 597-606. doi:10.1089/jwh.2007.0450.
    Arreola, S.; Neilands, T.; Pollack, L.; Paul, J.; & Catania, J. (2008, July-September). “Childhood Sexual Experiences and Adult Health Sequelae Among Gay and Bisexual Men: Defining Childhood Sexual Abuse.Journal of Sex Research. 45(3): 246-252. doi: 10.1080/00224490802204431.
  11. Balsam, K.F.; Rothblum, E.D.; et. al. (2005, June). “Victimization Over the Life Span: A Comparison of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Siblings.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Vol. 73, No. 3. pp. 477-487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037.
    Arreola, S.G.; Neilands, T.B.; Pollack, L.M.; Paul, J.P.; & Catania, J.A. (2005, March). “Higher Prevalence of Childhood Sexual Abuse Among Latino Men Who Have Sex With Men than Non-Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men.Child Abuse & Neglect. 29(3): 285-290. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.09.003
  12. Goodenow, C.; Netherland, J.; & Szalacha, L. (2002, February). “AIDS-Related Risk Among Adolescent Males Who Have Sex with Males, Females, or Both: Evidence From a Statewide Survey.American Journal of Public Health. Vol. 92, No. 2. pp. 203–210.
    Hughes, T.L & Eliason, M. (2002, Spring). “Substance Use and Abuse in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Populations.The Journal of Primary Prevention. Vol. 22, No. 3.
  13. Jinich, S.; Paul, J. P.; et. al. (1998, March). “Childhood Sexual Abuse and HIV Risk-Taking Behavior Among Gay and Bisexual Men.AIDS and Behavior. Vol. 2, No. 1. pp. 41-51. doi: 10.1023/A:1022307323744.
  14. Bartholow, B.N.; Doll, L.S.; et. al. (1994, September). “Emotional, Behavioral, & HIV Risks Associated with Sexual Abuse Among Adult Homosexual and Bisexual Men.Child Abuse and Neglect. Vol. 18, No. 9. pp. 745-761. doi: 10.1016/0145-2134(94)00042-5.
  15. Beitchman, J.H.; Zucker, K.J., et. al. (1992). “A Review of the Long-Term Effects of Child Sexual Abuse.Child Abuse and Neglect. Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 101-118.
    Beitchman, J.; Zucker, K.J., et. al. (1992). “A Review of the Short-Term Effects of Child Sexual Abuse.Child Abuse and Neglect. Vol. 15, No. 4. pp. 537-556.
  16. Herek, G.M. (2013). “Facts About Homosexuality and Child Molestation.University of California, Davis Campus.
  17. Denizet-Lewis, B. (2011, June 6). “My Ex-Gay Friend.The New York Times.
  18. Jackson, T. (2014, May 13). “Chatting with a Leader of the ‘Ex-Gay’ Movement About Converting Some to Heterosexuality.The Washington Post.
  19. Jernigan, L. (2013, July 16). “Ex-Gay Movement, Alive, Strong, and Moving Forward!Illinois Family Institute.
  20. Castro, J. (2013, February 26). “Newt Pheromones Put Females Into Mating Frenzy.LiveScience.
  21. King, B. (2014, February 1). “Xenoestrogens and Your Heart.Total Health Magazine.
  22. About DES: DES History.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
    Schraeger, S., & Potter, B.E. (2004, May 15). “Diethylstilbestrol Exposure.American Family Physician.
  23. Aronson, J. K. (2010). “Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs in Cancer and Immunology.” p. 338. Elsevier B.V.
  24. Zuger, A. (2009, July 27). “At What Height, Happiness? A Medical Tale.The New York Times.
  25. Known Health Effects.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  26. Kerlin, S. P. (2005, August). “Prenatal Exposure to Diethylstilbestrol (DES) in Males and Gender-Related Disorders: Results from a 5-Year Study.DES Sons International Network.
    Ehrhardt, A.A.; Meyer-Bahlburg, H.F.; Rosen, L.R.; Feldman, J.F.; Veridiano, N.P.; Zimmerman, I.; & McEwen, B.S. (1985). “Sexual Orientation After Prenatal Exposure to Exogenous Estrogen.Arch Sex Behav 14 (1): 57–77. DOI:10.1007/BF0154135. PMID 3977584.
  27. Bryner, J. (2012, February 12). “Estrogen Turns Male Snakes Into Same Sex Charmers.LiveScience.
  28. Brunstrom, B., Axelsson, J., Mattsson A., & Halldin K. (2009, September 1). “Effects of Estrogens on Sex Differentiation in Japanese Quail and Chicken.General and Comparative Endocrinology. 163 (1-2):97-103. DOI: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2009.01.006.
    Adkins-Regan, Pickett, & Koutnik (1982). “Sexual Differentiation in Quail: Conversion of Androgen to Estrogen Mediates Testosterone-Induced Demasculinization of Copulation but Not Other Male Characteristics.Hormonal Behavior. 16 (3): 259-278. doi: 10.1016/0018-506X(82)90026-5.
  29. Brandt, Chang, Hartman, & Jaheda. “Hormone Replacement Therapy.University of Delaware.
  30. Berger, F. K. (2014, February 24). “Gender Dysphoria.MedLine Plus.
  31. Hormone Replacement Therapy for Menopause.WebMD. (2010, September 22). “Menopausal Hormone Therapy.WomensHealth.Gov.
  32. Kruger, Hjelmborg Jönsson, Hagmar et. al. (2007, December). “Xenoandrogenic Activity in Serum Differs Across European and Inuit Populations.” DOI:10.1289/ehp.9353. PMID 18174946.
  33. James, S.D. (2014, May 14). “Transgender Leaker Chelsea Manning Could Get Transfer to Civilian Prison.ABC News.
    Branch, A. (2014, June 19). “Feds Open Taxpayer-Funded Insurance to Sex Change Surgery.WORLD News Group.
  34. Kliff, S. (2012, May 9). “Have Ballot Initiatives Undermined Gay Marriage?The Washington Post.
  35. (2014, July 25). “Timeline of California's Prop 8.NBC Los Angeles.
    The Brothers Winn (2008, October 21). “Gay Marriage.WhatYouOughtToKnow.com.
  36. Grossman, C.L. (2011, July 13). “Calif. Gay 'Role Model' Bill Sparks Battle.USA Today.
    Associated Press (2006, May 12). “California Might Honor Gays in Textbooks.NBC News.
    Associated Press (2011, July 14). “California Gov Signs Landmark Law to Teach Gay History.FOX News.
  37. Hagerty, B.B. (2008, June 16). “Gay Rights, Religious Liberties: A Three-Act Story.NPR.
  38. Hayden, M. (2017, October 27). “Kirtland Officer Disciplined Over Same-Sex Marriage Beliefs.Military Times.
  39. Duffy, J.P & Chao, A. (2018, April 3). “FRC Applauds Air Force Secretary for Restoring Col. Bohannon's Career, Dealing Another Blow to Obama Era Political Correctness.Family Research Council.
  40. Starnes, T. (2017, November 16). “Senators: Why is Air Force Punishing a Colonel Over His Religious Views on Marriage?FOX News.
    Correll, D.S. (2017, November 17). “GOP Senators Defend Military Officer Disciplined for Refusing to Sign Same-Sex Certificate.Washington Examiner.
  41. Starnes, T. (2018, April 2). “Air Force Reverses Decision to Punish Colonel for His Religious Beliefs.FOX News.
  42. Bernstein, D. (2014, April 8). “Is Refusing to Photograph a Gay Marriage Properly Considered Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation?The Washington Post.
  43. Nazworth, N. (2014, April 7). “Supreme Court Will Not Hear Case of Photographer Who Refused Gay Wedding.The Christian Post.
  44. Olsen, T. (2013, August 22). “N.M. Supreme Court: Photographers Can't Refuse Gay Weddings.Christianity Today.
  45. Friedersdort, C. (2014, March 5). “Refusing to Photograph a Gay Wedding Isn't Hateful.The Atlantic.
  46. Richardson, V. (2013, December 6). “Colo. Judge: Bakery Owner Discriminated Against Gay Couple.The Washington Times.
  47. Starnes, T. (2014, June 3). “Baker Forced to Make Gay Wedding Cakes, Undergo Sensitivity Training, After Losing Lawsuit.FOX News.
  48. Wetzstein, C. (2009, September 22). “No-Fault Law Marks Its 40th.The Washington Times.
  49. Wilcox, W. Bradford (2009). “The Evolution of Divorce.National Affairs.
  50. Morello, C. (2013, May 1) “Single Motherhood in U.S. Increases Sharply.The Washington Post.

Chapter 6: Illegal Immigration

  1. Frame, C.S. (2009). “Mexican Repatriation: History.California State University San Marcos.
    Grillo, I. (2008, February 7). “Mexico Tries to Help Deportees.Time Magazine.
    Unheralded Mass Deportation: Some Recall Forced Mexico Trip.Associated Press.
  2. Boisson, S. (2006, July 27). “Immigrants: The Last Time America Sent Her Own Packing.Weider History Group.
  3. Healey, M.A. “‘A Visit to an Unknown Portion of Their Country’: Mexicans in the United States: 1900-1940.Duke University, Center for North American Studies.
    Hoffman, A. (1974). “Unwanted Mexican Americans in the Great Depression: Repatriation Pressures.” pg. 91. Tucson University Press.
  4. Koch, W. (2006, April 5). “U.S. Urged to Apologize for 1930s Deportations.USA Today.
  5. Block, M. (2006, January 2). “Remembering California’s ‘Repatriation Program.’NPR.
  6. Hunt, K. (2006, April 5). “Some Stories Hard to Get in History Books.USA Today.
  7. Guerin-Gonzalez, C. (1994). “Mexican Workers and American Dreams: Immigration, Repatriation, and California Farm Labor, 1900-1939.” pg. 115. Agricultural History Society.
    Arnoll, A.G. (1937, April 15). “Concerning California’s Indigent Transient Problem.California and Western Medicine, Vol. 46, No. 5.
  8. Jackson, B. (2010, July 19). “Hoover, Truman & Ike: Mass Deporters?Annenberg Public Policy Institute.
  9. Sprague, W.F. “Vicente Guererro, Mexican Liberator: A Study in Patriotism.
    McKeehan, W.L. “Chieftains of Mexican Independence.Texas A&M University.
  10. Africans in America: Part 4, Narrative – Westward Expansion.PBS.
  11. American Experience: Remember the Alamo. “Timeline: Texas Settlement History.PBS.
  12. Burgan, M. (2006). “The Underground Railroad.” pg. 58 InfoBase Publishing.
  13. Stoll, H.G. (1967). “U.S. Territory 1830.Hammond Incorporated.
  14. VandeCreek, D. (2004). “The Mexican American War – Origins.Northern Illinois University Libraries.
    Fisher, L. (2009, August 18). “The Mexican War and Lincoln’s ‘Spot Resolutions.’The Law Library of Congress.
  15. (2011, May 13). “Blood on the Rio Grande: The Mexican-American War.Encyclopædia Britannica.
  16. Douglass, F. (1846, January 6). “Texas, Slavery, and American Prosperity: An Address Delivered in Belfast, Ireland, on January 2, 1846.Belfast News Letter. The Gilman Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition. Yale University.
    Blassingame, J., et. al. (1979). “The Frederick Douglass Papers: Series One--Speeches, Debates, and Interviews.” New Haven: Yale University Press. Vol. I, p. 118.
  17. Dubrin, D. “Lesson Plan: What is the Role of Civil Disobedience Today?PBS NewsHour.
  18. Lincoln, A. (1848, January 12). “Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln.” Vol. 1. University of Michigan Library.
  19. (2004, August). “Voting Timeline 1776-2000.FairVote –Center for Voting and Democracy.
    The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.PBS.
  20. Introduction to Federal Voting Rights Laws.U.S. Department of Justice.
  21. Orleans, V. (2005, March 17). “1930s Mexican Deportation: Educator Brings Attention to Historic Period and its Effect on Her Family.California State University Fullerton.
  22. Estrada, J.K., Hidalgo-Miranda, A., et. al. (2006, October 11). “Evaluation of Ancestry and Linkage Disequilibrium Sharing in Admixed Population in Mexico.National Institute of Genomic Medicine, Mexico.
    Mestizo.Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  23. Porter, E. (2005, April 5). “Illegal Immigrants Are Bolstering Social Security with Billions.The New York Times.
  24. Gates, V. (2012, February 1). “Alabama Immigration Crackdown Costing State Billions: Study.Reuters.

Chapter 7: The Death Penalty

  1. Innocence: List of Those Freed from Death Row.Death Penalty Information Center.
  2. (2012, January 17). “State and County QuickFacts: USA.U.S. Census Bureau.
  3. Federal Death Penalty Resource Counsel Project (2006, June 28). “Federal Death Penalty.Death Penalty Information Center.
  4. (2012, January 27). “Facts About the Death Penalty.Death Penalty Information Center.
  5. Press Room.Death Penalty Information Center.
  6. Mission Statement.Innocence Project.
  7. Penn, W. (1682). “Frame of Government of Pennsylvania.Yale Law School. The Avalon Project.

Section II. Economic Issues

Chapter 8: Republicans vs. Democrats on the Economy

  1. Congressional Budget Office (2010, July). “Historical Data on Federal Debt Held by the Public.CBO.gov.
    Office of Management and Budget (n.d.). “Historical Tables – Table 7.1: Federal Debt at the End of Year: 1940-2021.The White House.
    FDSys (2015). “Historical Tables: Budget FY 2015 – Tables 7.1 – Federal Debt at the End of the Year: 1940-2019.U.S. Government Publishing Office.
    Treasury Direct (n.d.). “The Debt to the Penny and Who Holds It.U.S. Department of the Treasury, Bureau of the Fiscal Service.
  2. Moore, S. (1998, October 8). “No, Bill Clinton Didn’t Balance the Budget.CATO Institute.
  3. Knoller, M. (2012, August 21). “National Debt Has Increased More Under Obama than Under Bush.CBS News.
  4. American FactFinder (2013). “2013 Annual Survey of State Finances.United States Census Bureau.
  5. Saad, L. (2014, January 29). “Not as Many U.S. States Lean Democratic in 2013.Gallup.
  6. Historical Tables.The White House Office of Management and Budget.
    Budget FY 2015 – Table 5.1 – Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction – 1976-2019 (2015).U.S. Government Printing Office.
  7. Weisman, J., & Parker, A. (2013, October 16). “Republicans Back Down, Ending Crisis Over Shutdown and Debt Limit.The New York Times.
  8. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2016, February). “Unemployment Rates for States.U.S. Department of Labor.
  9. Kurtz, Annalyn (2013, June 6). “Employment is Still Near a 30-Year Low.CNN Money.
  10. Bureau of Labor Statistics (n.d.). “Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey: (Seas) Employment-Population Ratio.U.S. Department of Labor.
  11. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2014, April 18). “Civilian Noninstitutional Population and Associated Rate and Ratio Measures for Model-Based Areas. Region, Division, and State Employment-Population Ratios with Confidence Intervals, Their Relationships to the U.S. Ratio, and Over-the-Month Ratio Changes with Significance Indicators.U.S. Department of Labor.
  12. Rhode Island Department of Labor and Training (n.d.). “United States Labor Force Statistics Seasonally Adjusted (in thousands) 1978-Present.RI.gov.
  13. U.S. Census Bureau (n.d.). “Historical Income Tables: Income Inequality: H4.U.S. Department of Commerce.
  14. American FactFinder (2015). “GINI Index of Income Inequality, Households: 2015 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates.U.S. Census Bureau.
  15. U.S. Census Bureau. “Historical Income Tables-People. Table P-7.” n.d. U.S. Department of Commerce.
  16. Emery Jr., C.E. (2014, March 28). “Pro-Democrat Group Says 9 of the 10 Poorest States Are Republican.PolitiFact Rhode Island.
  17. American FactFinder (2014). “Median Household Income.U.S. Census Bureau.
  18. Jacobson, Louis. (2014, July 27). “Are 97 of the Nation's 100 Poorest Counties in Red States?PolitiFact.
  19. Favole, J.A. (2010, August 2). “Obama Blames Bush and GOP.Wall Street Journal.
  20. Kiely, E. (2012, September 28). “Obama’s Deficit Dodge.FactCheck.org.
  21. Hargreaves, S. (2013, September 6). “Labor Participation Lowest Since 1978.CNN.
  22. Ellis, B. (2013, October 24). “Student Homelessness Hits Record High.CNN.
    Rhodan, M. (2013, October 25). “Record Number of U.S. Students Homeless.TIME Magazine.
    Strauss, V. (2013, October 24). “Record Number of Homeless Children Enrolled in Public Schools, New Data Show.The Washington Post.
  23. Boyer, D. (2014, January 7). “That’s Rich: Poverty Level Under Obama Breaks 50-Year Record.The Washington Times.
    Cox, J. (2012, September 4). “Record 46 Million Americans Are on Food Stamps.CNBC.
  24. Madhani, A. (2014, January 7). “After Vote, Obama Urges GOP to Extend Jobless Benefits.USA Today.
    Kaplan, R. (2014, January 7). “Obama Pushes Congress to Extend Emergency Unemployment Benefits.CBS News.
  25. Nitya. (2008, October 1). “Obama Urges Bailout Passage to 'Prevent Catastrophe.'ABC News.
    Newton-Small, J. (2009, January 14). “Obama Urges Congress Not to Block the Bailout.TIME Magazine.
  26. Herszenhorn, D.M. (2009, January 12). “At Obama's Urging, Bush to Seek Rest of Bailout Funds.New York Times.
    n.a. (2009, January 12). “Bush Agrees to Obama Bailout Request.CBS News.
    Calmes, J. (2008, November 10). “Obama Asks Bush to Provide Help for Automakers.New York Times.
  27. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (2008, October 30). “H.R. 1424 (110th): Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (On the Senate Amendment).GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (2008, October 1). “H.R. 1424 (110th ): Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (On Passage of the Bill).GovTrack.us.
  28. N.a. (2009, January 28). “A 40-Year Wish List.The Wall Street Journal.
  29. Associated Press (2009, January 3). “Obama Urges Congress to Pass Stimulus Plan.NBC News.
  30. Bash, D. (2009, April 27). “Bipartisanship Didn't Last Long in Obama's First 100 Days.CNN.
  31. Carney, J. (2007, June 29). “Here's How the Community Reinvestment Act Led to the Housing Bubble's Lax Lending.Business Insider.
  32. Herszenhorn, D.M. (2007, November 3). “Bush Vetoes Water Bill, Citing Cost of $23 Billion.New York Times.
    Stout, D. (2008, May 22). “House Votes to Override Bush's Veto of Farm Bill.New York Times.
    Stout, D. (2008, July 16). “Congress Overrides Bush's Veto on Medicare.New York Times.
  33. Hensarling, J. (2007, January 10). “Congressional Record, V. 153, Pt. 1 (p. 750).U.S. Congress.
  34. Wage and Hour Division (n.d.). “History of Federal Minimum Wage Rates Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, 1938-2009.U.S. Department of Labor.
    n.a. (n.d.). “Minimum Wage – Chart 1.” U.S. Department of Labor.
  35. Knoller, M. (2012, March 19). “National Debt Has Increased More Under Obama than Under Bush.CBS News.
  36. Bureau of the Public Debt (n.d.). “The Debt to the Penny and Who Holds It.”  U.S. Department of the Treasury.
  37. Kurtz, A. (2013, June 6). “Employment is Still Near a 30-Year Low.CNN Money.
  38. N.a. (n.d.). “Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey.U.S. Department of Labor.
  39. Pear, R. (2013, August 21). “Median Income Rises, but Is Still 6% Below Level at Start of Recession in '07.The New York Times.
  40. Rampell, C. (2012, April 23). “Fact Check: Income Losses Under Obama.The New York Times.
  41. N.a. (n.d.). “Historical Income Tables – People. Table P-7.United States Census Bureau.

Chapter 9: Fixing the U.S. Budget

  1. Office of Management and Budget (2018, February). “Historical Tables, Table 5.1—Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction: 1976-2023.White House.
  2. Arias, E. (2004, November 10). “United States Life Tables, 2002.” National Vital Statistics Report. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  3. “Retired: Long-term Contribution Trends." The Center for Responsive Politics.
  4. Montopoli, B. (2011, November 11). “Poll: Three in Four Back Iraq Pullout.CBS News.
  5. Condon, S. (2011, October 3). “Poll: Nearly 2 in 3 Want Troops in Afghanistan Decreased.CBS News.
  6. Cohany, S.R. (1990, April). “Employment and Unemployment Among Vietnam-Era Veterans.” Monthly Labor Review. Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Department of Labor.
  7. Beucke, D. (2011, November 11). “Unemployment for Young Vets: 30%, and Rising.BusinessWeek.
    Shane III, L. (2011, December 1). “Military Spouse Unemployment at 26 Percent.Stars and Stripes.
  8. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009, October 16). “How the Government Measures Unemployment.U.S. Department of Labor.
  9. Uranga, R. (2011, November 23). “Mexico Finds 16 Burned Bodies in Drug Lord’s Home State.Reuters.
  10. NPR Staff. “‘El Narco’: The Trade Driving Mexico’s Drug War.NPR.
  11. Nebehay, S. (2011, October 27). “U.S. Role in Arming Mexico’s Drug War Exaggerated: Study.Reuters.
  12. Drew, S. (2011, October 28). “Military is Said to Make Progress in Modernizing.The New York Times.
  13. AFBlueTube (2009, June 29). “New Air Force Ad.YouTube.
  14. The Most Expensive U.S. Military Vehicles: Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II.CNBC.
  15. United States Navy Fact File: Aircraft Carriers – CVN.America’s Navy.
  16. (2011, November 22). “Lockheed Clarifies Latest F-22 Fighter Deal.Reuters.
  17. Elgin, B. & Epstein, K. (2009, October 29). “It’s a Bird, It’s a Plane, It’s Pork!Businessweek Magazine.
    C-17 Globemaster III.Boeing.
  18. P-8A Poseidon.Deagel.com.
    Molnar, M. (2011, January 25). “US Navy Orders Six Boeing P-8A Poseidon Aircraft.NYC Aviation.
  19. Barnett, J.D. & Fincutter, K. (2012, June). “V-22 Osprey.Boeing.
  20. (2012, May 1). “E-2D Hawkeye: The Navy’s New AWACS.Defense Industry Daily.
    E-2D Advanced Hawkeye.
    Deagel.com.

Chapter 10: How to Bring Back Jobs

  1. Kisling, W. & Thomasson, L (2011, March 14). “Profit Margins at 18-Year High Signal Bigger Dividends Coming for S&P 500.Bloomberg.
    Shell, A. (2012, January 2). “Is Market Poised to Heat Up for a Bull Run in 2012?USA Today.
  2. Hwang, I. (2011, November 16). “S&P 500 Showing Record Sales Collides with Slowing Growth Rate.Businessweek.
  3. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2018, April 11). “Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey: Employment-Population Ratio.U.S. Department of Labor.
  4. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2012, July). “Job Openings and Labor Turnover.U.S. Department of Labor.
  5. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2012, August). “The Employment Situation.U.S. Department of Labor.
  6. Scott, R.E. (2011, September 20). “Growing U.S. Trade Deficit with China Cost 2.8 Million Jobs Between 2001 and 2010.Economic Policy Institute.
  7. Scott, R.E. (2011, October 12). “Trade Deficit with Mexico Has Resulted in 682,900 U.S. Jobs Lost or Displaced.Economic Policy Institute.
  8. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2017, December). “Top Trading Partners.U.S. Census Bureau.
  9. Eichengreen, B. & Irwin, D.A. (2009, July). “The Slide to Protectionism in the Great Depression: Who Succumbed and Why? Working Paper 15142.National Bureau of Economic Research.
  10. Bolly, M.J., et. al. (2006, July 5). “Qualifying Industrial Zones in Jordan and Egypt. CRS Report for Congress.CRS Web.
    Secretary of State (n.d.). “Outcomes of U.S. Trade Agreements.U.S. Department of State.
  11. (1999, November 17). “Summary of U.S. – China Bilateral WTO Agreement.The White House Office of Public Liaison.
  12. Bureau of Labor Statistics (n.d.). “Trade in Goods with China.U.S. Census Bureau.
  13. Glor, J. (2010, July 4). “Restoring a Rust Belt Town.CBS News.
    Matthews, R. (2010, January 11). “Chinese Demand to Reshape Global Steel Market.The Wall Street Journal.
  14. Palley, T. (2007). “The Economics of Outsourcing.” p. 3. The Levy Economics Institute of Bard College.
  15. Worstall, T. (2017, March 1). “Chinese Wages Are Showing Paul Krugman is Right Again.Forbes Magazine.
  16. Global Inequality Facts.Institute for Policy Studies.
  17. Kottasova, I. (2017, January 13). “Global Unemployment to Hit 200 Million as Wages Stagnate.CNN Money.
    Kuhn, S., Milasi, S., Horne, R., & Yoon, S. (2017). “The World Employment and Social Outlook.International Labour Organization.
  18. Dvorsky, G. (2017, March 28). “Robots Are Already Replacing Human Workers at an Alarming Rate.Gizmodo.
  19. Lamb, G.M. (2004, August 29). “Automation Streamlines Services and Hi-Tech, But At What Cost?Christian Science Monitor.
  20. Worstall, T. (2012, February 3). “That Giant Sucking Sound of Manufacturing Jobs Going to China.Forbes.
  21. Lohr, S. (2011, October 23). “More Jobs Predicted for Machines, Not People.The New York Times.
  22. Wolff, E. (2010, March). “Working Paper No. 589, ‘Recent Trends in Household Wealth in the United States: Rising Debt and the Middle Class Squeeze.’” Appendix B, Table 2. The Size Distribution of Wealth and Income, 1983-2007. pg. 44. Levy Economics Institute of Bard College.
  23. Krantz, M. (2011, April 6). “Why Aren’t the Biggest U.S. Companies Hiring?USA Today.
    Hansen, B. (2012, March 28). “CEO Pay Rises Again in 2011, While Workers Struggle to Find Work.USA Today Money.
  24. Kavoussi, B. (2012, May 2). “CEO Pay Grew 127 Times Faster Than Worker Pay Over Past 30 Years: Study.The Huffington Post.
  25. Krantz, M. & Hansen, B. (2011, April 4). “CEO Pay Soars While Workers’ Pay Stalls.USA Today.
    Gandel, S. (2011, March 8). “CEO Pay Up, Average Worker Not So Much.TIME Business.
  26. Liberto, J. (2011, April 20). “CEOs Earn 343 Times More Than Typical Workers.CNN Money.
  27. Anderson, S. et. al. (2011, August 31). “Executive Excess, 2011: The Massive CEO Rewards for Tax Dodging.Institute for Policy Studies.
  28. (2011). “Fortune 500.CNN Money.
  29. Anderson, S., Cavanagh, J., Collins, C., Pizzigati, S. (2009, September 2). “America’s Bailout Barons.The Institute for Policy Studies.
    Geimann, S. (2009, September 2). “Bank CEOs Paid More Than S&P 500 Chiefs, Study Shows.
    Bloomberg.Cook, N. (2009, September 3). “America’s Bailout Barons.Newsweek.
  30. (2009, January 30). “Angry Senator Wants Pay Cap on Wall Street ‘Idiots.’CNN Politics.
    Muir, D. (2008, October 30). “Congress Speaks Out About CEO Bonuses.ABC News.
  31. (2009, January 27). “9 in 10 Execs at Bailout Banks Remain on Job.Associated Press.
  32. Bebchuk, L.A. & Fried, J.M. (2003). “Executive Compensation as an Agency Problem.Journal of Economic Perspectives. Volume 17, no. 3, pp. 71-92.
  33. Mishel, L, Bernstein, J., Shierholz, H. (2008, August 28). “The State of Working America.” Ch. 3. pp. 220-222. Cornell University Press.
  34. Cap Executive Officer Pay Act of 2009.U.S. Senate.
    Tapper, J. (2009, January 30). “Obama Ally Introduces Bill to Cap Salaries of CEOs from TARP-Receiving Companies.ABC News.
  35. Bill Summary & Status: S. 360. 111th Congress: 2009-2010.Library of Congress.
  36. Pollin, R. & Garrett-Peltier, H. (2007, October). “The U.S. Employment Effects of Military and Domestic Spending Priorities.” pg. 5. Institute for Policy Studies. Political Economy Research Institute. University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
  37. Ibid., pg. 10.
  38. (2009, January 28). “A 40-Year Wish List.The Wall Street Journal.
  39. Riedl, B.M. (2009, March 2). “Omnibus Spending Bill: Huge Spending and 9,000 Earmarks Represent Business as Usual.The Heritage Foundation.
  40. Calmes, J. (2009, January 28). “House Passes Stimulus Plan with No G.O.P. Votes.The New York Times.
    Richert, C. (2010, February 10). “Truth-o-Meter: Stewart Claims that the Stimulus Bill is One-Third Tax Cuts.PolitiFact.
  41. Borrell, B. (2009, March 5). “Why Study Pig Odor?Scientific American.
    Coburn, T. “$1,791,000 Earmark for Swine Odor and Manure Management Research.

Chapter 11: Plans That Won't Work and Why

  1. Prante, G. (2009, July 30). “Summary of Latest Federal Individual Income Tax Data.” Table 1. Tax Foundation.
  2. (2009, February 17). “2007 Survey of Consumer Finances.Federal Reserve Board.
  3. Wolff, E. (2010, March). “Working Paper No. 589, ‘Recent Trends in Household Wealth in the United States: Rising Debt and the Middle Class Squeeze.’” Appendix B, Table 2. The Size Distribution of Wealth and Income, 1983-2007. pg. 44. Levy Economics Institute of Bard College.
  4. (2010, July 9). “SOI Tax Stats – Individual Statistical Tables by Tax Rate and Income Percentile.Internal Revenue Service.
  5. Carden, A. (2010, September 13). “Scrap the Minimum Wage.Forbes Magazine.
  6. Anderson, S., Collins, C., Pizzigati, S., & Shih, K. (2010, September 1). “Executive Excess 2010: CEO Pay and the Great Recession.Institute for Policy Studies.

Chapter 12: Communism vs. Anarchy, a Critique of Libertarianism

  1. Andrews, E.L. (2000, September 9). “Germany Says Wal-Mart Must Raise Prices.New York Times.
    Jones, K. (1993, August 24). “Wal-Mart on Trial on ‘Predatory Pricing’ Charges.New York Times.
    Gogoi, P. (2007, April 23). “How Wal-Mart’s TV Prices Crushed Rivals.BusinessWeek.
  2. Dube, A.; Lester, T.W.; and Eidlin, B. (2007, December). “A Downward Push: The Impact of Wal-Mart Stores on Retail Wages and Benefits.University of California, Berkeley. Center for Labor Research and Education.
  3. Abrams, R. (2010, March 4). “Of Ideology, Recession, and Policy Paralysis.University of California, Berkeley.
  4. Lynn, B.C. (2006, July). “Breaking the Chain: The Antitrust Case Against Wal-Mart.Harpers Magazine.
  5. Korten, D. (1995). “When Corporations Rule the World.” pg. 102. Kumarian Press and Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
    Constitutional Rights Foundation (2007, Spring). “Adam Smith and the Wealth of Nations.Free Markets and Antitrust Law. Vol. 23, No. 1.
  6. Smith, A. (1786). “The Wealth of Nations. Book IV.” pp. 169-173.
    Smith, A. (1789). “The Wealth of Nations. Book V.” p. 99.
  7. Smith, A. (1776). “The Wealth of Nations. Book I.” pp. 147-148, 68-69, 83-89.
  8. Ibid, pp. 363-365.
  9. Ibid., pp. 141-147.
  10. Ibid., pp. 25-26.
  11. Smith, A. (1789). “The Wealth of Nations. Book.5.” p. 166.
  12. Ibid., pp. 249-250, 255-256.
  13. Ibid, pp. 212-215, 219, 85-87, 97.
  14. Ibid., pp. 87-97.
  15. Ibid., pp. 219, 79, 44, 49, 371.
    Ibid., pp. 64-67.
  16. Ibid., pp. 80, 84, 68.
  17. Ibid., p. 85.
  18. Ibid., p. 234.
  19. Ibid., pp. 291-292.
  20. The Unknown Ideal (n.d.). “What is Freedom of Competition?Capitalism Magazine.
  21. U.S. Supreme Court (1919, March 3). “Schenk v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919).FindLaw.
  22. Naylor, B. (2008, October 24). “Greenspan Admits Free Market Ideology Flawed.NPR.

Section III. Political History

Chapter 13: Democrat Voter Fraud

  1. (2014, April 11). “Editorial: North Carolina Answers Democrats' Question 'What Vote Fraud?'The Washington Times.
  2. Vote Fraud News.Republican National Lawyers Association.
  3. 2012 Presidential Election Results.The Washington Post.
  4. Espo, D. (2012, November 6). “Obama Takes NH, PA, Trails in Electoral Count.Associated Press.
  5. Shawn, E. (2012, April 3). “4 Indiana Dems Charged with Election Fraud in 2008 Presidential Race.FOX News.
  6. Shawn, E. (2012, February 14). “New Report Shows that 24 Million Voter Registrations Have Significant Errors.FOX News Insider.
    Associated Press (2012, February 14). “Study: 1 in 8 Voter Registrations Have Errors.NBC News.
  7. Shawn, E. (2012, November 2). “Claims Increase of Machines Switching Votes in Ohio, Other Battlegrounds.FOX News.
    La Jeunesse, W. (2012, November 6). “Voter Fraud Watch: Concerns Arise in the Key Swing State of Colorado.FOX News Insider.
  8. Associated Press (2013, June 2). “Top Staffer for Florida Democratic Rep. Garcia Resigns Amid Voting Fraud Probe.FOX News.
  9. Associated Press (2013, June 1). “Congressman Joe Garcia's Chief of Staff Resigns Over Probe.NBC Miami.
  10. Prill, K. (2013, July 17). “Democrat Hush Money Over Voter Fraud Scandal in Florida?National Republican Congressional Committee.
  11. n.a. (2013, May 31). “U.S. Rep. Joe Garcia's Chief of Staff Resigns.CBS Miami.
  12. Isikoff, M. (2012, October 24). “Feds Investigate Phony Letters Warning Florida Voters They're Not Eligible to Vote.NBC News.
    Turque, B. (2012, October 24). “Bogus Letters Sent to Florida Republican Voters.The Washington Post.
  13. (2012, October 24). “Fake Voter Registration Letters Raise Alarm in Florida with Early Voting Set to Begin.FOX News.
  14. U.S. Department of Justice. (2014, May 29). “Seattle Man Pleads Guilty to Voter Intimidation and Identification Fraud for Letters Sent to Florida Residents in Conjunction with the 2012 Federal Elections.FBI.
  15. FOX News Insider (2012, June 11). “Governor Rick Scott Says Florida Will Sue Federal Gov't After DOJ Stops Efforts to Purge Non-Citizens from System.FOX News.
  16. Brown, R. (2012, June 12). “Florida's Approach to Purging Voter Rolls of Noncitizens Prompts Federal Lawsuit.The New York Times.
    Frieden, T. (2012, June 12). “Justice Department Lawsuit Challenges Florida Voter Purge.CNN Politics.
  17. Wallman, B. (2012, November 12). “More Ballots Turn Up in Broward.Sun Sentinel.
  18. Shawn, E. (2013, March 11). “Cincinnati Poll Worker Charged with Voting Half Dozen Times in November.FOX News.
  19. Perry, K. (2013, July 17). “Ohioan Gets 5-Year Prison Term for Illegal Voting.USA Today.
  20. Coolidge, S. (2014, March 22). “Both Parties Jeer Embrace of Fraudulent Voter.Cincinnati.com.
  21. Shawn, E. (2012, November 3). “'Hitler' Appears on Ohio Voter Registration Form.FOX News.
    Parnass, S. (2012, November 15). “Zero Votes for Romney, 'Dozens of Black' Voters Prompt Cries of Voter Fraud.ABC News.
  22. Sherman, E. (2012, November 6). “Ohio Faces Controversy Over Voting Machines.CBS News.
  23. Shawn, E. (2012, November 12). “Voter Fraud Watch: Reports of Voting Machines Casting Ballots for the Wrong Candidate.FOX News Insider.
  24. Shawn, E. (2012, November 7). “Voter Fraud Watch: Two Election Judges Replaced After Illegal Activity in Ohio.FOX News Insider.
  25. Roth, Z. (2012, November 6). “Tea Party Poll-Watchers Shut Out in Key Ohio County.MSNBC.
  26. Darby, B. (2012, November 6). “Ohio Dems Falsely Accuse True the Vote.Breitbart.
  27. Howard, , S. (2014, January 13). “Husted, Voting Rights Groups Settle on 'Motor Voter' Act Case.Northeast Ohio Media Group.
  28. Brennan, C. (2014, February 21). “Politics and Crime, Intersecting in Philadelphia.Interstate General Media.
    Smith, V.J. (2014, February 21). “Philly Election Board Worker Arrested for Voter Fraud.Scott Wagner for State Senate.
  29. Jamerson, T. (2014, May 27). “Dianah Gregory Enters Guilty Plea for 2013 Election Day Crime.Philadelphia Office of the District Attorney.
    Sana (2014, June 5). “Judge of Election no Longer Last Word.The Philadelphia Public Record.
  30. Shawn, E. (2012, October 2). “Details: Pennsylvania Voter ID Law Temporarily Blocked for Presidential Election.FOX News Insider.
  31. Curry, C., & De Vogue, A. (2012, November 6). “N.J. Extends Email Voting to Friday, Other States Hurry to Fix Polling Problems.ABC News.
    Rogers, A. (2012, November 6). “Voting Problems in Pennsylvania Add Twist to a Tight Race.TIME Magazine.
  32. Miller, J.R., Berger, J., & Weber, J. (2012, November 6). “Philly Poll Workers Partially Cover Obama Mural After Court Order, leaving Logo and Quote in View.FOX News.
  33. Boyer, D., & McElhatton, J. (2012, November 6). “Problems, Panthers Surface at Pa. Polls.The Washington Times.
    Just In: Member of New Black Panther Party Watches Philadelphia Polling Place.FOX News Insider.
  34. Fund, J. (2009, August 20). “Holder’s Black Panther Stonewall.The Wall Street Journal.
    Washington, J. (2010, July 1). “Ex-Justice Dept Lawyer Says White’s Rights Ignored.The Boston Globe.
    Thompson, K. (2010, July 15). “2008 Voter-Intimidation Case Against New Black Panthers Riles the Right.The Washington Post.
  35. Associated Press (2010, September 25). “Government Accused in Voting Case.The New York Times.
    Savage, C. (2010, July 6). “Racial Motive Alleged in a Justice Dept. Decision.The New York Times.
    Ahlers, M.M. (2010, August 14). “U.S. Civil Rights Commission Hearing Erupts into Shouting.CNN.
  36. Ahlers, M.M. (2010, September 25). “Official Alleges Racially Selective Enforcement of Voting Rights Cases.CNN.
    Markon, J., & Thompson, K. “Justice Lawyer Alleges Bias at Agency.Washington Post.
  37. Markon, J. (2010, October 29). “Report: Justice Dept. Tried Hiding Officials' Role in Panther Lawsuit Dismissal.The Washington Post.
  38. n.a. (2010, November 26). “18 Former ACORN Workers Have Been Convicted or Admitted Guilt in Election Fraud.FOX News.
    Vadum, M. (2011, April 14). “Obama’s Favorite Gangsters Convicted Again.The Washington Times.
  39. Fund, J. (2009, May 29). “More Acorn Voter Fraud Comes to Light.The Wall Street Journal.
  40. Haines, E. (2012, October 24). “Jim Moran's Son Resigns from Campaign Amid Video Furor.The Washington Post.
  41. Associated Press (2012, October 25). “Rep. Jim Moran's Son Quits Campaign Over Voter Fraud Video.USA Today.
  42. Montopoli, B. (2012, October 25). “Congressman's Son Resigns After Voter Fraud Video.CBS News.
  43. Associated Press (2012, July 13). “Non-Profit Targeting Democrat-Leaning Voting Blocs Sends Dogs, Dead People Voter Forms.FOX News.
  44. (2012, June 20). “Dead Dog Gets Voter Registration FormABC 7 News.
  45. Pershing, B. (2012, July 25). “In Va., Dogs and the Dead Are Invited to Vote.The Washington Post.
  46. Anderson, T. (2012, December 20). “Mass. Lawmaker Will Plead Guilty to Voter Fraud.Boston Globe.
  47. U.S. Attorney’s Office, Boston Division (2012, December 20). “Massachusetts State Representative Stephen Smith Agrees to Plead Guilty to Voter Fraud Charges.FBI.
  48. Shawn, E. (2012, January 17). “Voter Fraud 'A Normal Political Tactic' in Upstate NY City.FOX News.
    Von Spakovsky, H.A. (2012, February 14). “The Real Victims of Voter Fraud.National Review.
  49. (2009, July 2). “The Absentee Senator: Franken Wins by Changing the Rules.The Wall Street Journal.
  50. Liptak, A. (2012, October 6). “Error and Fraud at Issue as Absentee Voting Rises.The New York Times.
  51. (2008, November 12). “Mischief in Minnesota?The Wall Street Journal.
  52. Pershing, B. (2012, September 10). “Maryland Democrat Quits Congressional Race Amid Vote Fraud Allegations.The Washington Post.
  53. Fritze, J. (2013, March 8). “Wendy Rosen Reaches Plea Agreement on Voting Charges.The Baltimore Sun.
  54. Fund, J. (2012, December 20). “There Is No Voter Fraud, Unless You Count...National Review.
  55. The Right Scoop (2012, November 3). “Democrat Admits He's Voted Four Times Already.FOX News Nation.
  56. WCTI Staff (2012, November 7). “Man Cleared of Voter Fraud After Election Gag.WCTI 12 News Channel.
  57. Turner, J. (2013, December). “December 2013 Newsletter.Carteret County Democratic Party.
  58. U.S. Attorney's Office, Eastern District of Arkansas (2012, September 5). “Four Crittenden County Men Charged with Conspiracy to Commit Election Fraud.U.S. Department of Justice.Broach, J. (2012, September 6). “Four Arkansas Men, Including Elected Officials, Plead Guilty to Conspiracy to Commit Voter Fraud.NBC 12 News.
    Fahrenthold, D.A. (2012, October 1). “Selling Votes is Common Type of Election Fraud.The Washington Post.
  59. Lee, T. (2012, September 5). “Arkansas Democrats Plead Guilty to Voter Fraud.Breitbart.
  60. Shawn, E. (2012, October 22). “Vodka for Votes: Arkansas Rep, Operatives Await Sentencing in Fraud Scheme.FOX News.
    (2012, October 22). “Arkansas State Lawmaker Resigns After ‘Vodka for Votes’ Scheme.FOX News.
  61. U.S. Attorney's Office, Little Rock Division (2013, June 21). “Former State Representative Hudson Hallum and Father Sentenced for Conspiracy to Commit Election Fraud.FBI.

Chapter 14: Inheriting a Recession?

  1. Carney, J. (2009, June 27). “Here's How the Community Reinvestment Act Led to the Housing Bubble's Lax Lending.Business Insider.
  2. Party Divisions of the House of Representatives 1789-Present.United States House of Representatives.
    Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present.United States Senate.
  3. Kessler, G. (2011, February 25). “Lessons from the Great Government Shutdown of 1995-96.The Washington Post.
  4. Kessler, G. (2009, July 2). “Saddam Hussein Said WMD Talk Helped Him Look Strong to Iran.The Washington Post.
    (2008, January 27). “Agent: Hussein Was Surprised U.S. Invaded.CNN.
    Battle, J., & McQuade, B. (2009, July 1). “Saddam Hussein Talks to the FBI: Twenty Interviews and Five Conversations with 'High Value Detainee #1' in 2004.The National Security Archive.
  5. (2002, October 11). “On the Joint Resolution (H.J. Res. 114).United States Senate.
  6. (2004, April 21). “Hillary Clinton: No Regret on Iraq Vote.CNN.
  7. (2009, January 1). “Agreement Between the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq on the Withdrawal of United States Forces from Iraq and the Organization of their Activities During Their Temporary Presence in Iraq.U.S. Department of State.
  8. Jackson, B. (2008, July 22). “The Truth on Troop Support.FactCheck.org.
  9. Froomkin, D. (2011, October 26). “Ending the War in Iraq: How Obama's Rhetoric and George Bush's Pact Boxed in the President.The Huffington Post.
  10. Ware, M. (2011, October 24). “Obama's War Crime.Newsweek.
  11. Broder, J.M. (2007, January 5). “Jubilant Democrats Assume Control on Capitol Hill.The New York Times.
  12. Vetoes by President George W. Bush.United States Senate.
  13. Herszenhorn, D.M. (2007, November 3). “Bush Vetoes Water Bill, Citing Cost of $23 Billion.The New York Times.
    Bush, G.W. (2007, November 2). “President Bush Vetoes Water Resources Development Act of 2007.The White House.
  14. Stout, D. (2008, May 22). “House Votes to Override Bush's Veto of Farm Bill.The New York Times.
    Weisman, J., & Morgan, D. (2008, May 22). “House Overrides Veto of Farm Bill.The New York Times.
  15. Stout, D. (2008, July 16). “Congress Overrides Bush's Veto on Medicare.The New York Times.
    Grim, R. (2008, July 15). “Bush Vetoes Medicare Bill.Politico.
  16. Wall, T. (2008, October 13). “Commentary: Obama and Bush Are Not So Far Apart.CNN.
  17. Hensarling, J. (2007, January 10). “Congressional Record, V. 153, Pt. 1 (p. 750).U.S. Congress.
  18. Case, E.N. (1988, April 4). “Raising Minimum Wage Leads to Inflation.The New York Times.
  19. Wong, V. (2014, February 25). “When the Minimum Wage Goes Up, the Menu Price Also Rises.Businessweek.
  20. Davis, S. (2014, February 18). “CBO Report: Minimum Wage Could Cost 500,000 Jobs.USA Today.
  21. Dorfman, J. (2014, February 22). “The Minimum Wage Debate Should Be About Poverty, Not Jobs.Forbes.
  22. Mishel, L. (2011, September 15). “Huge Disparity in Share of Total Wealth Gain Since 1983.Economic Policy Institute.
  23. History of Federal Minimum Wage Rates Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, 1938-2009.U.S. Department of Labor.
  24. Condon, S. (2010, August 12). “More Americans Think Obama, Not Bush, Enacted Bailouts, Poll Shows.CBS News.
    Shuler, R. (2010, November 8). “Voters Blame Obama for Bush's Wall Street Bailout.Daily Kos.
  25. Newton-Small, J. (2009, January 14). “Obama Urges Congress Not to Block the Bailout.TIME Magazine.
  26. Kiely, E. (2012, September 28). “Obama's Deficit Dodge.FactCheck.org.
  27. Herszenhorn, D.M. (2009, January 12). “At Obama's Urging, Bush to Seek Rest of Bailout Funds.The New York Times.
  28. (2009, January 12). “Bush Agrees to Obama Bailout Request.CBS News.
  29. Calmes, J. (2008, November 10). “Obama Asks Bush to Provide Help for Automakers.The New York Times.
  30. Nitya (2008, October 1). “Obama Urges Bailout Passage to 'Prevent Catastrophe.'ABC News.
  31. Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (2008, October 30). “H.R. 1424 (110th): Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (On the Senate Amendment).GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J., & Poole, K. (2008, October 1). “H.R. 1424 (110th): Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (On Passage of the Bill).GovTrack.us.
  32. Ellis, B. (2013, October 24). “Student Homelessness Hits Record High.CNN.
    Rhodan, M. (2013, October 25). “Record Number of U.S. Students Homeless.TIME Magazine.
    Strauss, V. (2013, October 24). “Record Number of Homeless Children Enrolled in Public Schools, New Data Show.The Washington Post.
  33. Sigdyal, R. (2013, November 8). “Some Scary Numbers in the Jobs Data.CNBC.
    Sanders, K. (2014, January 26). “Under President Barack Obama, ‘We’ve Got the Lowest Labor Force Participation in Over Three Decades, Since 1978.’" PolitiFact.
    Hargreaves, S. (2013, September 6). “Labor Participation Lowest Since 1978.CNN.
  34. Madhani, A. (2014, January 7). “After Vote, Obama Urges GOP to Extend Jobless Benefits.USA Today.
    Kaplan, R. (2014, January 7). “Obama Pushes Congress to Extend Emergency Unemployment Benefits.CBS News.
  35. Boyer, D. (2014, January 7). “That’s Rich: Poverty Level Under Obama Breaks 50-Year Record.The Washington Times.
    Cox, J. (2012, September 4). “Record 46 Million Americans Are on Food Stamps.CNBC.
  36. (2009, January 28). “A 40-Year Wish List.The Wall Street Journal.
  37. Andrews, W. (2010, September 1). “Breaking Down Stimulus Opposition.CBS News.
  38. Kadlec, C. (2012, August 13). “President Obama's Smashing Success Story: Greatly Increasing the Power of Government.Forbes.
  39. Get The Facts: The Unemployment Rate Has Been Higher than 8% for More Than 2-and-a-Half Years.VoteFacts.org.
    Voodoo Economics, Part 2: The Unemployment Fiasco.MoveLeft.org.
  40. Associated Press (2009, January 3). “Obama Urges Congress to Pass Stimulus Plan.NBC News.
  41. Bash, D. (2009, April 27). “Bipartisanship Didn't Last Long in Obama's First 100 Days.CNN.
  42. FactCheck.org (2012, June 4). “Obama’s Spending: ‘Inferno’ or Not?Annenberg Public Policy Center.
  43. Kiely, E. (2012, September 28). “Obama’s Deficit Dodge.Annenberg Public Policy Center.

Chapter 15: Obstructionism? The Real History of Obamacare

  1. Calmes, J. (2009, January 28). “House Passes Stimulus Plan with No G.O.P. Votes.The New York Times.
  2. Hulse, C. (2009, July 1). “What’s So Super About a Supermajority?The New York Times.
    Bacon Jr., P. & Kane, P. (2009, July 9). “Senate Democrats Still Seeking GOP Support.The Washington Post.
  3. 2008 Election Results: Senate Big Board.The New York Times.
  4. Goldberg, J. (2010, December 15). “Behind Bill Clinton’s Smile.The Chicago Tribune.
  5. Martin, J., & Lee, C.E. (2009, January 24). “Obama to GOP: ‘I Won.’Politico.
    Hayward, S.F. (2009, February 12). “Obama Misreads His Mandate.The Wall Street Journal.
    Garrett, M. (2009, January 23). “Obama Says His View on Taxes Prevailed Because 'I Won.’FOX News.
  6. Kessler, G. (2012, September 25). “When Did McConnell Say He Wanted to Make Obama a 'One-Term President'?The Washington Post.
  7. Kane, P. (2009, January 23). “Stimulus Plan Meets More GOP Resistance.The Washington Post.
  8. Hassett, Kevin (2009, January 26). “Obama’s First Civility Test is Pelosi’s Manners.Bloomberg.
  9. Batchelor, John (2009, January 29). “Sticking it to Rahm.Newsweek.
  10. Lehrer, J. (2009, January 22). “Congress Moves on Stimulus Package, Kennedy Withdraws from N.Y. Senate Race.PBS News Hour.
  11. Olbermann, K. (2009, January 28). “‘Countdown with Keith Olbermann’ for January 28, 2009.MSNBC.
  12. Dinan, S. (2009, March 28). “McCain: Obama Breaks Promise of Bipartisanship.The Washington Times.
  13. (2009, February 15). “GOP Senators Say Obama Off to Bad Start.CNN.
    McGurn, W. (2009, February 17). “McCain’s Vote Should Trouble Obama.The Wall Street Journal.
  14. Thrush, G., & O’Connor, P. (2009, February 6). “Pelosi Dismisses Bipartisanship Calls.Politico.
  15. Holland, S. (2009, February 9). “What the Stimulus Battle Tells Us About Obama.Reuters.
  16. Baker, P. (2009, February 13). “Bipartisanship Isn't So Easy, Obama Sees.The New York Times.
  17. Dinan, S. (2009, March 29). “McCain: Public Financing is 'Dead.'The Washington Times.
  18. McConnell: I'm 'Disappointed' in Obama's Lack of Bipartisanship.CNN.
  19. Sidoti, L (2009, April 24). “Obama Bipartisanship Push Has Mixed Success.Associated Press.
  20. Rich, F. (2008, February 3). “Ask Not What J.F.K. Can Do for Obama.”  The New York Times.
    Hensley, S. (2008, June 5). “Obama Has 2 Words for Opponents of Health Reform: 'Whup Them.'The Wall Street Journal.
    Holan, A.D. (2009, July 10). “Obama Said He'd Televise Health Reform Negotiations on C-Span.PolitiFact.
  21. McGurn, William (2009, November 9). “The Man Who Made Pelosi Cry ‘Uncle.’Wall Street Journal.
  22. (2009, August 18). “Obama Promises Abortion in Public Plan.National Right to Life Committee.
  23. Jones, B. (2009, December 24). “Timeline of Healthcare Legislation.USA Today.
  24. (2010, March 31). “Obama at House Republican Retreat in Baltimore: Full Video, Text.The Huffington Post.
    (2010, January 29). “Obama’s Baltimore Q&A with House Republicans: The Transcript.The Washington Post.
  25. Lenin, Y. (2010, March 9). “Pass It to Find Out What is In It.National Review.
    (2010, March 16). “Slaughter House Rules.The Wall Street Journal.
  26. Hulse, C. (2009, July 1). “What's So Super About a Supermajority?The New York Times.
  27. Meckler, L. (2009, May 6). “Grassley: Obama Wants Bipartisan Health Care Bill.The Wall Street Journal.
  28. Tapper, J., & Travers, K. (2009, June 25). “Did President Obama Make His Case on Health Care?ABC News.
  29. Jones, J.M. (2009, September 18). “Most Americans Still Credit Obama for Bipartisan Efforts.Gallup.
  30. Kirkpatrick, D.D. (2009, August 12). “Obama is Taking Active Role in Talks on Health Care Plan.The New York Times.
    Mogulescu, M. (2010, March 16). “NY Times Reporter Confirms Obama Made Deal to Kill Public Option.The Huffington Post.
    WGBH Educational Foundation (2010, April 23). “Obama's Deal: Chronology.PBS Frontline.
  31. Grim, R. (2010, March 18). “Pelosi Not Planning to Allow Amendments to Health Care Bill.The Huffington Post.
  32. (2011, July 27). “Public Option Was in Obama's Platform.PolitiFact.
  33. Dingell, J. (2009, July 17). “H.R. 3200 (111th): America’s Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009.GovTrack.us.
  34. Hilzenrath, D.S. (2009, August 17). “Under the Microscope: President's Coverage Promise is No Keeper.The Washington Post.
    Holan, A.D. (2013, December 12). “Lie of the Year: 'If You Like Your Health Care Plan, You Can Keep It.'PolitiFact.
  35. Bordlee, D.C.. (2009, September 30). “Pelosi & Co. Talk Abortion.The National Review.
  36. Kirkpatrick, D.D. (2009, September 29). “Abortion Fight Complicates Debate on Health Care.The New York Times.
    Kantor, J. (2010, January 6). “Abortion Foe Defies Party on Health Care Bill.The New York Times.
  37. Jackson, B. (2009, August 21). “Abortion: Which Side is Fabricating?The New York Times.
  38. Cooper, M.K. (2009, September 9). “Boehner: GOP Leaders Haven’t Met Obama for Health Talks Since April.The Hill.
  39. Stiglitz, J. (2009, August 2). “State of the Union with John King.CNN.
    Allen, M., & Lee, C.E. (2009, August 2). “John McCain Says Barack Obama Flunks Bipartisanship.Politico.
  40. Lopez, K.J. (2009, September 11). “The GOP Health-Care Blackout.National Review.
  41. Fuller, A. (2009, July 23). “Boehner Says Not So Fast on Bipartisanship.The New York Times.
  42. (2011, July 27). “Obama Says Health Plan Incorporates the Ideas of Democrats and Republicans.PolitiFact.
  43. Meyers, J. & Patten, D.A. (2009, October 2). “Rep. Boehner Accuses Obama of Subverting Constitution.Newsmax.
  44. Pear, R., & Stolberg, S.G. (2009, November 1). “Obama Strategy on Health Legislation Appears to Pay Off.The New York Times.
  45. Pershing, B. (2009, October 23). “Democrats on House Committee Lock Out Republicans.The Washington Post.
  46. Crabtree (2009, October 20). “Democrats Lock Republicans Out of Committee Room.The Hill.
    Stimulus Package En Route to Obama’s Desk.CNN.
    Freeman, J. (2009, October 20). “House Democrats Lock GOP Out of Committee Room.The Wall Street Journal.
  47. Klein, R., Jaffe, M. (2009, October 21). “Dems Lock Out Republicans – Literally.ABC News.
    (2009, October 21). “Oversight Panel’s Democrats Lock Out Republicans After Dispute.FOX News.
  48. Herszenhorn, D.M., & Calmes, J. (2009, November 7). “Abortion Was at Heart of Wrangling.The New York Times.
    Associated Press (2009, November 11). “Catholic Bishops Sway Health Care Fight.FOX News.
  49. Office of the Clerk (2009, November 7). “Final Vote Results for Roll Call 884.U.S. House of Representatives.
  50. Pergram, C., & Angle, J. (2009, November 7). “Republicans Question Abortion Agreement in Effort to Stop Health Care Momentum.FOX News.
  51. O'Brien, M. (2009, November 9). “Senior Democrat is 'Confident' That Stupak Amendment Will be Stripped.The Hill.
  52. Sullivan, A. (2009, November 16). “Can Dems Resolve Their Abortion Split?TIME Magazine.
    (2009, November 17). “Stupak: Health Care Bill Will Stall if White House Strips Abortion Restrictions.FOX News.
  53. Steinhauser, P. (2009, November 18). “Poll: Majority Favor Abortion Funding Ban.CNN.
  54. Dingell, Rangell, et. al. (2009, October 29). “H.R. 3962.House of Representatives.
  55. Tauberer, J. (2013, February 3). “H.R. 3590: Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Summaries.GovTrack.us.
    Dickerson, J. (2009, October 6). “The Invasion of the Bill Snatchers.Slate.
  56. Richardson, V. (2013, November 17). “Forty House Republicans Side with Obamacare Origination Clause Suit.The Washington Times.
  57. (2010, January 5). “C-Span Challenges Congress to Open Health Care Talks to TV Coverage.FOX News.
    Associated Press (2010, January 5). “Health Care Talks Should Be Televised.ABC News.
  58. Khan, H. (2010, January 5). “C-SPAN CEO to Democrats: Televise the Health Care Reform Negotiations.ABC News.
    Condon, S. (2010, January 5). “C-SPAN Calls for More Transparent Health Care Talks.CBS News.
    Baier, B. (2010, January 7). “Pelosi Turns Up Her Nose at Transparency.FOX News.
  59. Seelye, K.Q. (2010, January 5). “C-Span Seeks Live Coverage of Democratic Meetings.The New York Times.
  60. Stewart, J. (2010, January 7). “Stealth Care Reform.The Daily Show.
  61. Bash, Desjardins, Keck, Silverleib, Cohen, & Steinhauser (2010, January 6). “Sources: Obama, Dems to Sidestep GOP on Health Care.CNN Politics.
  62. Cooper, M. (2010, January 19). “G.O.P. Senate Victory Stuns Democrats.The New York Times.
  63. Associated Press (2010, February 5). “Democrats Lose Supermajority as Brown Sworn In.The Washington Times.
    Acosta, J., Bash, D., et. al. (2010, January 20). “Massachusetts Senate Vote May Derail Obama Agenda.CNN.
  64. Welna, D. (2010, February 4). “Brown's Entry Ends Democrat's Supermajority.NPR.
  65. Associated Press (2010, January 29). “Obama and GOP in Rare Face-To-Face Encounter.NBC News.
    (2010, March 31). “Obama at House Republican Retreat in Baltimore: Full Video, Text.The Huffington Post.
  66. Karl, J., & Khan, H. (2010, January 29). “President Obama: Republicans Portraying Health Care as 'Bolshevik Plot.'ABC News.
  67. Stolberg, S.G. (2010, February 19). “Obama Invites GOP Lawmakers’ Ideas.The New York Times.
  68. (2012, June 1). “Clip: Presidential Remarks at House Republican Conference.C-SPAN.
    Van Susteren, G. (2010, January 29). “Meet the Congressman Who Confronted President Obama.FOX News.
  69. Associated Press (2010, February 19). “Obama Writing Health Bill to Skirt GOP Filibuster.FOX News.
  70. Breslow, J.M. (2010, March 24). “President Obama Signs Executive Order on Abortion.PBS News Hour.
  71. (2010, March 21). “Congressional Record-H2167.U.S. House of Representatives.
  72. Spratt, J. (2010, March 21). “On Motion to Recommit with Instructions: H R 4872 Reconciliation Act of 2010.GovTrack.us.
  73. U.S. House of Representatives (2010, March 21). “H.R. 3590 (111th): Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (On the Senate Amendment).GovTrack.us.
    Clerk of the House (2010, March 21). “Final Vote Results for Roll Call 165.U.S. House of Representatives.
    111th Congress (2009, September 17). “Bill Summary & Status: H.R. 3590.The Library of Congress.
  74. Barrett, Cohen, Silverleib, Desjardins, & Walsh (2010, March 26). “House Passes Senate's Health Care 'Fixes' Bill.CNN Politics.
  75. Clerk of the House (2009, November 7). “Final Vote Results for Roll Call 884.U.S. House of Representatives.
    111th Congress (2010, November 7). “Bill Summary & Status: H. Amdt. 509.The Library of Congress.
  76. Conover, C. (2013, August 28). “Seriously? The Republicans Have No Health Plan?Forbes.
    Starr, P. (2009, August 21). “Republicans Have Offered Three Alternative Health Care Reform Bills.Cybercast News Service.
  77. Robertson, L. (2010, February 22). “Still On the Table?FactCheck.org.
    FactCheck: Dem Claims on ObamaCare Repeal Don't Ring True.National Patient Advocate Foundation.
    Smith, D., & Dunham, W. (2010, February 8). “Factbox: Republican Healthcare Reform Proposals.Reuters.
  78. Wyden, R. (2009, February 5). “S. 391 (111th): Healthy Americans Act.GovTrack.us.
  79. Wyden, R. (2007, January 18). “S. 334 (110th): Healthy Americans Act.GovTrack.us.
  80. Levy, C. (2009, June 22). “Wyden's Third Way.The Wall Street Journal.
    Rovner, J. (2009, July 24). “Bipartisan Health Bill Still Gets No Respect.NPR.
    Galston, W.A. (2009, April 14). “The Healthy Americans Act is No Laughing Matter.The Brookings Institution.
  81. Ryan, P. (2009, May 20). “H.R. 2520 (111th): Patient's Choice Act.GovTrack.us.
  82. Condon, S. (2009, May 20). “GOP Health Care Plan Aims for Universal Health Care in the Private Market.CBS News.
    Turner, G.M., & Antos, J.R. (2009, May 20). “The GOP's Health-Care Alternative.The Wall Street Journal.
    Brown, C.B. (2009, May 20). “GOP Offers Preemptive Health Plan.Politico.
  83. Desjardins, L. (2009). “House GOP Outlines Health Care Bill.CNN.
    Blunt, R. (2009). “House GOP Solutions Group Outlines Health Care Plan to Increase Affordability, Accessibility, Availability.Health Care Solutions Group.
  84. Price, T. (2009, July 30). “H.R. 3400 (111): Empowering Patients First Act.GovTrack.us.
  85. Condon, S. (2009, July 29). “New GOP Health Bill Promotes on Tax Incentives.CBS News.
  86. Burton, D. (2010, March 22). “H.R. 4910 (111th): To Repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Enact the Empowering Patients First Act.GovTrack.us.
    Wilson, J. (2010, March 25). “H.R. 4944 (111th): Siding with America's Patients Act.GovTrack.us.
    Burton, D. (2011, January 5). “H.R. 105 (112th): Empowering Patients First Act.GovTrack.us.
    Price, T. (2011, September 21). “H.R. 3000 (112th): Empowering Patients First Act.GovTrack.us.
  87. Camp, D. (2009, November 6). “H.R. 4038 (111th): Common Sense Health Care Reform and Affordability Act.GovTrack.us.
  88. Pear, R., & Herszenhorn, D.M. (2009, November 3). “G.O.P. Counters with a Health Plan of Its Own.The New York Times.
    Jacobson, L. (2010, February 26). “GOP Health Care Reform: A Simple Explanation, Updated.PolitiFact.
  89. Herger, W. (2010, May 27). “H.R. 5424 (111): Reform Americans Can Afford Act of 2010.GovTrack.us.
    Herger, W. (2011, January 24). “H.R. 397 (112th): Reform Americans Can Afford Act of 2011.GovTrack.us.
  90. Smith, C. (2011, January 20). “H.R. 3 (112th): No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act.GovTrack.us.
  91. Brandt, J. (2011, January 20). “Republicans Introduce Bill to Ban Federal Funding for Abortion Procedures.FOX News.
  92. Pitts, J. (2011, January 20). “H.R. 358 (112th): Protect Life Act.GovTrack.us.
  93. Duffy, S. (2011, December 15). “H.R. 3682 (112th): Patient Centered Healthcare Savings Act of 2011.GovTrack.us.
  94. Duffy, S. (2013, November 22). “H.R. 3622: Patient Centered Healthcare Savings Act of 2013.GovTrack.us.
  95. Roe, D. (2013, September 18). “H.R. 3121: American Health Care Reform Act of 2013.GovTrack.us.
  96. Howell Jr., T. (2013, September 18). “House Republicans File, Promote an Alternative to Obamacare.The Washington Times.
    Associated Press (2013, September 18). “House Conservatives Submit Bill to Replace 'ObamaCare,' Amid 'Defund' Fight.FOX News.
    Novack, S., & Ritger, C. (2013, September 23). “Republican Alternative to Obamacare Relies on Repeal.National Journal.
  97. Mason, J., & Rampton, R. (2013, November 15). “White House: Obama Would Veto Republican Healthcare Bill.Reuters.
  98. Obama, B. (n.d.). “Republican Ideas Included in the President's Proposal.The White House.
  99. Klein, E. (2010, February 8). “The Six Republican Ideas Already in the Health-Care Reform Bill.The Washington Post.
  100. (2003, December 8). “Bush Signs Landmark Medicare Bill into Law.CNN Politics.
  101. Roy, A. (2012, April 12). “How Deval Patrick Gutted Romneycare's Market-Oriented Health Reforms.Forbes.
  102. Belluck, P., & Zezima, K. (2006, April 13). “Massachusetts Legislation on Insurance Becomes Law.The New York Times.
  103. Roy, A. (2012, February 7). “The Tortuous History of Conservatives and the Individual Mandate.Forbes.

Chapter 16: Obama's Votes Against Medical Care for Children

  1. House Report 106-835 - Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2000.Library of Congress.
  2. U.S. Government Printing Office (2000, July 20). “Born Alive Infants Protection Act of 2000 Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Constitution.U.S. House of Representatives.
    U.S. House of Representatives (2001). “House Report 107 – 186 – Born Alive Infants Protection Act of 2001.The Library of Congress.
  3. (2003, March 13). “S.3: Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003.United States Congress.
  4. Ray, J. (2003, July 8). “Gallup Brain: Opinions on Partial-Birth Abortions.Gallup.
  5. Brody, David (2008, August 16). “McCain/Obama Forum.CNN.
    King, J. (2008, August 16). “Post Analysis of Obama and McCain’s Saddleback Forum.CNN.
    Brody, D. (August 16, 2008). “Obama Gets Heated on Born Alive Infant Protection Act.CBN News.
  6. Montopoli, B. (2008, September 19). “Obama Camp Hits Back at ‘Born Alive’ Spot.CBS News.
  7. Winkel Jr., R. “Bill Status of SB 1082.Illinois General Assembly.
  8. 92nd General Assembly (2002, April 4). “Regular Session Senate Transcript.” pp. 29-35. State of Illinois.
    92nd General Assembly. “Legislation: SB 1661.State of Illinois.
  9. 92nd General Assembly. “Legislation: SB 1662.State of Illinois.
  10. 92nd General Assembly. “Status of SB 1093.Illinois General Assembly.
  11. 92nd General Assembly. “Status of SB 1094.State of Illinois.
  12. Illinois General Assembly. “Criminal Offenses: 720 ILCS/513/ Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act.State of Illinois.
    92nd General Assembly. “Status of SB 1095.Illinois General Assembly.
    92nd General Assembly. “Senate Vote: Senate Bill No. 1095.State of Illinois.
  13. 90th General Assembly. “Status of SB 0230.Illinois General Assembly.
  14. 92nd General Assembly (2001, March 30). “Regular Session Senate Transcript.” (pp. 84-88). State of Illinois.
  15. 92nd General Assembly. (2002, April 4). “Regular Session Senate Transcript.” (pp. 29-35). State of Illinois.
  16. (2004, August 9). “Keyes Challenges Obama for Illinois Senate Seat.CNN.
  17. (2008, February 20). “Obama Becomes Rising Star Among Democrats.MSNBC.
  18. (2004, August 6). “The GOP's Rent-A-Senator.Chicago Tribune.
    (2004, August 9). “Mr. Keyes the Carpetbagger.Washington Post.
    Pearson, R. (2004, September 5). “Keyes, State GOP Gearing Up Blame Campaign.Chicago Tribune.
  19. Associated Press (2004, August 9). “Keyes Assails Obama's Abortion Views.MSNBC.
    Smiley, T. (2004, August 31). “Alan Keyes on the Tavis Smiley Show.NPR.
    Alan Keyes Archives (2004, August 30). “Alan Keyes on CBS2 Chicago This Morning.CBS 2 Chicago.
  20. Keyes, A. (2004, August 18). “How You Can Help Alan Keyes for Senate!Keyes2004 Inc.
  21. (2004, October 13). “Debate or Discussion?Chicago Tribune.
  22. Ford, L., & Mendell, D. (2004, September 8). “Jesus Wouldn’t Vote for Obama, Keyes Says.Chicago Tribune.
    Roberts, J. (2004, September 8). “Here’s What Jesus Wouldn’t Do.CBS News.
    Stanek, J. (2006, June 19). “Why Jesus Would Not Vote for Barack Obama.World Net Daily.
  23. Bettelheim, A., Benton, N., & Bloom, R. (2008, February 13). “Response to Hillary Clinton Comment for January 21st, 2008.PolitiFact.
  24. Dorning, M. (2008, January 14). “The Swamp: Obama Campaign Defends His Abortion-Rights Record.Chicago Tribune.
  25. Dobbs, M. (2008, February 6). “Obama's Voting Record on Abortion.The Washington Post.
  26. Davis, T. (2007, July 17). “Obama Abortion Dodges Blessed by Planned Parenthood.ABC News.
  27. Follmer, M. (2008, January 14). “Obama Emphasizes Pro-Choice Record as Clinton Questions 'Present' Votes.The Huffington Post.
  28. Zorn, E. (2007, December 4). “Disparagement of Obama Votes Doesn’t Hold Up.The Chicago Tribune.
  29. Bettelheim, Benton, Bloom, & Montgomery (2008, February 13). “On Issue After Issue that Really Were Hard to Explain or Understand, You Voted Present.PolitiFact.
  30. Newton-Small, J. (2008, January 14). “Obama Campaign Defends ‘Present’ Abortion Votes.TIME Magazine.
  31. McKinney, D. (2007, December 4). “Hillary Slams Obama Present Votes on Abortion, Gun Laws.” Chicago Sun-Times.
  32. Bettelheim, A. (2008, February 13). “Obama's ‘Present’ Tension.PolitiFact.
  33. Berman, R. (2008, January 17). “Clinton: Obama Should Vote 'No' On Abortion Issue She Backed.New York Sun.
  34. Hernandez, R., & Drew, C. (2007, December 20). “It's Not Just 'Ayes' and 'Nays': Obama's Votes in Illinois Echo.The New York Times.
  35. Howlett, Debbie (2004, March 18). “Dems See a Rising Star in Illinois Senate Candidate.USA Today.
  36. Chernoff, A. (2008, June 30). “The Situation Room: Transcripts.CNN.
    Stanek, J. (2008, June 30). “How He Really Voted on Abortion: Obama's Record Under Attack.CNN.
  37. National Right to Life Committee. “Obama Cover-up Revealed on Born-Alive Abortion Survivor's Bill.NRL News, 35:(7-8), p. 5.
  38. Berman, R. (2008, August 18). “Obama Facing Attacks from All Sides Over Abortion Record.The New York Sun.
  39. Johnson, D. (2008, August 18). “Obama Cover-up on Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Continues to Unravel After Sen. Obama Says NRLC is 'Lying.’National Right to Life Committee.
  40. Woodward, C. & Raum, T. (2012, February 23). “Fact Check: Candidates Make Errant Claims During GOP Debate.Associated Press.
  41. Yellin, J. & Metzger, T. (2012, February 24). “Fact-Checking Gingrich's Charge Obama Voted in Favor of ‘Infanticide.’CNN Politics.
  42. Brennan, P. (2012, February 29). “Obama's Infanticide Votes.National Review.
    Farley, R. (2012, February 23). “Did Elite Media Ignore Infanticide?FactCheck.org.
  43. (2008, August 19). “The Truth Behind False, Outrageous Lies about Obama and ‘Born Alive’ Legislation.’Organizing for America.
  44. Henig, J. (2008, August 25). “Obama and ‘Infanticide.’FactCheck.org.
  45. (2008, August 11). “Obama Cover-up Revealed On Born-Alive Abortion Survivor's Bill.National Right to Life Committee.
  46. Rohter, L. (2008, August 19). “Obama's 2003 Stand on Abortion Draws New Criticism in 2008.The New York Times.
    Hannity and Colmes. (2008, August 21). “Former Nurse on Obama's Controversial Abortion Vote.Fox News.
    Mowbray, J. (2008, August 21). “Did Obama Lie About Born Alive Bill?Real Clear Politics.
    Zorn, E. (2008, August 20). “What You Need to Know About the 'Born Alive' Controversy and Barack Obama.The Chicago Tribune.
    McCarthy, A. (2008, August 22). “Why Obama Really Voted for Infanticide.National Review.
  47. Throckmorton, W. (2008, October 20). “’Freedom of Choice’ Trumps ‘Born Alive’ for Obama.”  Crosswalk.
  48. Reckless Accusations of Infanticide.Fight the Smears.
  49. Winkel, R. (2008, September 5). “Clarifying the Record on the Born Alive Bill.The Chicago Tribune.

Chapter 17: Barack Obama's Real Political Background

  1. Wills, C. (2008, April 24). “Obama Faced Tough Choice in First Legislative Race.The Boston Globe.
  2. Scott, J. (2007, July 30). “In Illinois, Obama Proved Pragmatic and Shrewd.The New York Times.
  3. Jackson, R., & Long, D. (2007, April 3). “Barack Obama Knows His Way Around a Ballot.The Chicago Tribune.
  4. Griffin, D., & Johnston, K. (2008, May 30). “Obama Played Hardball in First Chicago Campaign.CNN Election Center 2008.
  5. CNN (2008, August 20). “[http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0808/20/se.02.html Transcript of Barack Obama Revealed.'” CNN Politics.
  6. Spivak, T. (2008, February 27). “Barack Obama and Me.Houston Press.
    Spivak, T. (2004, March 25). “In the Black.Illinois Times.
  7. Wills, C. (2008, March 31). “Obama's Political ‘Godfather’ In Illinois.Associated Press.
  8. Purdum, T. (2008, March). “Raising Obama.Vanity Fair.
  9. Mendell, D. (2007). “Obama: from Promise to Power.” pp. 125-126. Harper Collins.
  10. Drew, C., Becker, J. (2008, March 14). “Obama Lists His Earmarks, Asking Clinton For Hers.The New York Times.
  11. Allen-Mills, T. (2008, March 23). “Barack Obama: Toxic Mentors Start to Corrode Pristine Campaign.The Sunday Times.
  12. Coen, J. (2010, June 6). “Monk: Deal Would Have Given Emil Jones Obama’s Senate Seat.The Chicago Tribune.
  13. Hellman, S. (2007, October 12). “Early Defeat Launched a Rapid Political Climb.The Boston Globe.
  14. Calvino, J. (N.d.). “U.S. Senate Race – Illinois in 2004.ILSenate.com.
  15. Mendell, D. (2004, March 17). “Obama Routs Democratic Foes.The Chicago Tribune.
  16. Voegeli, W. (2004, March 19). “The Rise and Fall of Blair Hull.The Claremont Institute.
  17. Korecki, N. (2009, August 3). “Sources: Hull Wanted Obama’s Senate Seat.Chicago Sun-Times.
    Bryant, S., Rogers, P. (2010, June 10). “Obama Phone Call Derailed Blagojevich Senate Deal.NBC Chicago.
    (2010, June 10). “Monk: Blago Offered Senate Seat to Emil Jones in Exchange for Killing Ethics Bill.FOX Chicago News.
  18. Davey, M. (2004, March 17). “From Crowded Field, Democrats Choose State Legislator to Seek Senate Seat.The New York Times.
  19. Huh, N. (2004, June 26). “Jack Ryan Abandons Senate Bid.” USA Today.
  20. Sangwan, R. (2004, October 1). “Jack Ryan ’81: The Conservative Idealist.The Dartmouth Independent.
  21. N.a. (2004, August 9). “Mr. Keyes the Carpetbagger.The Washington Post.
    Pearson, R. (2004, September 4). “Keyes, State GOP Gearing Up Blame Campaign.The Chicago Tribune.
  22. (2004, August 31). “Alan Keyes on the Tavis Smiley Show.NPR.
  23. Robinson, M. (2004, August 9). “Keyes Assails Obama's Abortion Views.Associated Press.
    N.a. (2004, August 30). “Alan Keyes on CBS 2 Chicago This Morning.Alan Keyes Archives.
  24. Smiley, T. (N.d.). “All American Presidential Forums: Alan Keyes.PBS.
  25. CNN (2004). “U.S. Senate/Illinois.CNN Election Results.
  26. Parker, M., Kozlov, D. (2008, June 4). “Jury Finds Tony Rezko Guilty on 16 of 24 Charges.CBS 2 Chicago.
  27. WLS (2008, June 5). “Rezko Begins Serving Time Immediately.ABC 7 News.
  28. Associated Press (2008, June 5). “Political Fundraiser Tony Rezko Found Guilty on 16 Counts in Corruption Trial.FOX News.
  29. McKinney, D., Fusco, C. (2006, November 5). “Obama on Rezko deal: It Was a Mistake.Chicago Sun-Times.
  30. Talking Points Memo. “Timeline: Barack Obama’s Ties to Tony Rezko.TalkingPointsMemo.com.


Section IV. A Path Forward: Proactive Conservative Solutions

Chapter 18: Judicial Reform

  1. Gale Research Inc. (1997). “Assault on the Judiciary: The Use of Impeachment for Partisan Purposes.American Eras.
  2. Clowes, B. (2001). “The Facts of Life.” Ch. 12. Front Royal: Human Life International.
    (2009). “Sharing the Pro-Life Message: Life in the Womb.Pro-Life Action League.
  3. Abortion.Gallup.
    McGurn, W. (2010, June 1). “Gallup’s Pro-Life America.The Wall Street Journal.
  4. Jefferson, T. (1785, October 31). “Act for Establishing Religious Freedom.U.S. National Archives.
  5. Vega, T. (2015, September 18). “Costly Prison Fees are Putting Inmates Deep in Debt.CNN Money.
  6. Bright, S. (2004, June 17). “The Plea: Interview with Stephen Bright.PBS Frontline.
  7. Alschuler, A. (2004, June 17). “The Plea: Interview with Albert Alschuler.PBS Frontline.
  8. Top Interest Groups Giving to Members of Congress, 2018 Cycle.OpenSecrets.org.
  9. Zambrano, J.D. (2017, July 5). “Judiciary Reform Act.SlideShare.

Chapter 19: Electoral Reform

  1. Penn, W. (1682). “Frame of Government of Pennsylvania.Yale Law School. The Avalon Project.
  2. Penn, W. (1682). “Frame of Government of Pennsylvania.” Art. II of the Laws Agreed Upon in England. Yale Law School. The Avalon Project.
  3. Kaplan, T. (2018, March 22). “Congress Approves $1.3 Trillion Spending Bill, Averting a Shutdown.New York Times.
  4. Tauberer, J. & Poole, K. (2018, March 22). “H.R. 1625: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018.GovTrack.us.
    Tauberer, J. & Poole, K. (2018, March 23). “H.R. 1625: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018.GovTrack.us.
  5. Fox, L. (2017, September 23). “Rand Paul Probably Isn’t Changing His Mind on the Graham-Cassidy Healthcare Bill.CNN Politics.
    Hains, T. (2017, September 19). “Rand Paul: Graham-Cassidy Obamacare Bill ‘Is Not Repeal In My Book.’RealClearPolitics.
  6. Herb, J. (2017, July 26). “House Defeats Bid to Block Pentagon Funding Transgender Surgeries.CNN Politics.
  7. Tauberer, J. & Poole, K. (2017, July 13). “H. Amdt. 183 (Hartzler) to H.R. 2810: Amendment Sought to Prohibit Funds for Medical Treatment (Other Than Mental Health Treatment) Related to Gender Transition to a Person Entitled to Medical Care Under Chapter 55 of Title 10, United States Code.GovTrack.us.
  8. Copp, T. (2018, March 26). “Mattis, Pentagon Quiet on New Transgender Policy.Military Times.
    Sisk, R. (2018, February 22). “Mattis Recommends Keeping Transgender Troops in Military: Report.Military Times.
  9. Zaru, D. (2017, August 16). “Caitlyn Jenner Takes Trump up on Bathroom Offer.CNN Politics.
  10. N.a. (2017, August 5). “Caitlyn Jenner Says I Hate Trump and the Hat Was a Comedy of Errors.TMZ.
    Wright, M. (2017, August 5). “Caitlyn Jenner Claims She Accidentally Wore Make America Great Again Hat When She Was Driving Her Convertible in California and Vows That She Will Be ‘Getting Rid of the Hat.’Daily Mail.
  11. Gambino, L. (2018, March 1). “Donald Trump Stuns Allies by Signaling Backing for Tighter Gun Control.The Guardian.
  12. Liptak, K. (2018, March 4). “Trump on China’s Xi Consolidating Power: ‘Maybe We’ll Give That a Shot Some Day.’CNN Politics.
  13. Penn, W. (1682). “Frame of Government of Pennsylvania.” Art. III of the Frame. Yale Law School. The Avalon Project.

Chapter 20: Budget Reform

  1. Office of Management and Budget (2018, February). “Historical Tables, Table 5.1—Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction: 1976-2023.White House.
  2. Zambrano, J.D. (2017, March 4). “2017 Vital Healthcare Act.SlideShare.
    Zambrano, J.D. (2011, April 15). “Vital Healthcare Act.SlideShare.
  3. Cooper, H. (2017, November 14). “Pentagon Approves Gender-Reassignment Surgery for Service Member.New York Times.
    Sisk, R. (2018, March 29). “With Pentagon Policy on Hold, Transgender Troops, Advocates Speak Out.Military.com.

Chapter 21: Education Reform

  1. DeSilver, D. (2017, February 15). “U.S. Students’ Academic Achievement Still Lags That of Their Peers in Many Other Countries.Pew Research Center.

Chapter 22: Foreign Policy Reform

  1. U.S. Census Bureau (2018). “U.S. Trade in Goods by Country: Download the Full Dataset for All Countries.Department of Commerce.

Chapter 23: Tax Reform

  1. Anderson, S.; Collins, C.; Klinger, S.; & Pizzigati, S. (2011, August 31). “Executive Excess 2011.Institute for Policy Studies.
  2. (2014, July 21). “IRS Scandal Fast Facts.CNN Library.
  3. Bezdrob, S., & McKelway, D. (2014, July 11). “Second Federal Judge Tells IRS to Explain Lost Lerner Emails.FOX News.
  4. Contorno, S. (2014, June 22). “Donna Brazile: No Conspiracy Here, IRS Targeted Liberals, Too.PolitiFact.
  5. Chiaramonte, P. (2017, March 27). “IRS Still Allowed to Target Political Groups, According to Watchdog.org.FOX News.
  6. N.a. (2013, August 10). “IRS Official Who Oversaw Cincinnati Exempt Operations Office During Scandal Gets Promotion.FOX News.
  7. Erb, K.P. (2017, July 4). “No Taxation Without Representation and Other Reasons America Declared Independence.” Forbes.
    Magna Carta: Muse and Mentor. “No Taxation Without Representation.Library of Congress.

Chapter 24: Land Reform

  1. HomeAdvisor (2016, April 4). “Contractor Licensing Requirements – State by State.HomeAdvisor.com.
  2. Penn, W. (1682). “Frame of Government of Pennsylvania.Yale Law School. The Avalon Project.
  3. Ingraham, C. (2017, December 21). “American Land Barons: 100 Wealthy Families Now Own Nearly as Much Land as that of New England.Washington Post.
  4. Federal Highway Administration (2019). “Fiscal Year 2019 Budget.Department of Transportation.
  5. Overnight Parking Rules.Roundabout Publications.
  6. Oregon State University (2017, September 27). “High Cost of Truckers Not Having Enough Places to Park and Rest.ScienceDaily.
    Koklanaris, M. (2000, March/April). “A Safe Place to Rest.Public Roads, (63)5.

Chapter 25: Immigration Reform

  1. Binkowski, B. (2018, April 13). “Does the United States Deport Military Veterans? True.Snopes.org.
    Sanchez, T. (2016, April 23). “A Mexican Immigrant Here Illegally Just Became a U.S. Citizen, Thanks to His U.S. Military Service.Los Angeles Times.
    Phillips, K. (2018, March 31). “A Deported Veteran Has Been Granted U.S. Citizenship, After 14 Years of Living in Mexico.Washington Post.
    Waldrop, T. (2018, March 26). “U.S. Army Veteran Who Served Two Tours in Afghanistan Has Been Deported to Mexico.CNN.
    Chavez, N. (2017, April 16). “CA Governor’s Pardon Could Help 3 Deported Veterans Return to the U.S.CNN.
  2. Lopez, M.H.; Passet, J.; & Rohal, M. (2015, September 28). “Modern Immigration Wave Brings 59 Million to U.S., Driving Population Growth and Change Through 2065.Pew Research Center.
  3. n.a. (2016, August 12). “How the United States Immigration System Works.American Immigration Council.
  4. Bedard, P. (2017, July 12). “5 Million Immigrants Granted U.S. Citizenship Can’t Speak English.Washington Post.

Chapter 26: White House Reform

  1. Devaney, T. (2014, June 29). “Rove Blasts Obama’s Executive Actions: ‘This is Imperial Power.’The Hill.
  2. Carter, J. (1977, February 3). “Executive Order 11970—Presidential Advisory Board on Ambassadorial Appointments Announcement of Formation and Membership of the Board..The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  3. Carter, J. (1978, February 3). “Executive Order 12038—The Department of Education.The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  4. Carter, J. (1978, October 5). “Executive Order 12212—The Department of Education.The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  5. Carter, J. (1980, May 2). “Executive Order 12086—Equal Employment Opportunity Functions.The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  6. Carter, J. (1980, Dec 3). “Executive Order 12254—National Advisory Community Investment Board.The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  7. Carter, J. (1981, Jan 15). “Executive Order 12262—Interagency Employee Benefit Council.The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  8. Carter, J. (1981, Jan 15). “Executive Order 12269—President’s Committee on Small Business Policy.The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  9. Carter, J. (1981, January 15). “Executive Order 12270—President’s Council on Spinal Cord Injury.The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  10. Carter, J. (1981, January 16). “Executive Order 12275—Design Liaison Council.The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  11. Carter, J. (1981, January 19). “Executive Order 12285—Equal Employment Opportunity Functions.The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  12. Carter, J. (1977, February 4). “Reorganization Plan Authority Message to the Congress Transmitting Proposed Legislation.The American Presidency Project. University of California, Santa Barbara.
  13. Siegel, R. (2008, December 25). “Reversal of Presidential Pardon Analyzed.NPR.
    Ruckman, P.S. (2008, December 25). “Has a President Ever Revoked a Pardon?History News Network. George Washington University.
  14. Dickerson, J. (2008, October 28). “A Phony Murder Plot Against Joe Arpaio Winds Up Costing Taxpayers $1.1 Million.Phoenix New Times.
  15. Associated Press (2012, April 10). “Former Prosecutor in Arizona Is Disbarred.New York Times.
  16. Gabrielson, R. (2017, August 15). “The Joe Arpaio I Knew.ProPublica.
  17. Ryman, A. & Kiefer, M. (2014, December 16). “Even Arpaio Likes Lawsuit Proceeds Funding ASU Journalism Program.AZCentral. USA Today.
    Cassidy, M. (2017, August 17). “Taxpayer Tab Up to $70M in Joe Arpaio Racial-Profiling Case.AZCentral. USA Today.

Chapter 27: Business Reform

  1. Antitrust Laws and You.U.S. Department of Justice.
    The Antitrust Laws.Federal Trade Commission.
  2. Hayes, C. (2011, April 1). “Transcript: The Breakdown: Are Antitrust Laws a Thing of the Past?The Nation.
  3. Kengor, P. (2008, January 22). “Reagan’s Darkest Hour.National Review.
  4. Wilcox, W.B. (2009, Fall). “The Evolution of Divorce.National Affairs.
  5. Weber, P. (2015, December 3). “How Ronald Reagan Learned to Love Gun Control.The Week.
  6. Carroll, R. (2015, September 19). “The Myth of Ronald Reagan: Pragmatic Moderate or Radical Conservative?The Guardian.
  7. Killingsworth, E. (2010, September 7). “Antitrust: U.S. Laws and Regulations.Association of Corporate Counsel.
  8. Reichert, M.G. (1974, October). “Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Anti-Trust Laws: A Guide for the Practicing Attorney.Chicago-Kent Law Review. Vol. 51, No. 2.
  9. Mishel, L. & Schieder, J. (2017, July 20). “CEO Pay Remains High Relative to the Pay of Typical Workers and High-Wage Earners.Economic Policy Institute.