- 1 Reforms
- 1.1 Judicial Reform
- 1.1.1 Modern Judiciary Act
- 1.1.2 Restricting Court Jurisdiction
- 1.1.3 Judicial Term Limits in Lieu of Impeaching Unconstitutional Judges
- 1.1.4 Enumerating Judicial Rights
- 1.1.5 Re-emphasis on Trial by Jury
- 1.1.6 Prohibiting Plea Bargaining and Lengthy Imprisonment Before Trial
- 1.1.7 Remove Immunity for Public Officials
- 1.1.8 Removing Onerous Fees
- 1.2 Land Reform
- 1.3 Budget Reform
- 1.3.1 Healthcare
- 1.3.2 Retirement
- 1.3.3 Military
- 1.3.4 Welfare
- 1.4 Tax Reform
- 1.5 Education Reform
- 1.6 Electoral Reform
- 1.7 Trade Reform
- 1.8 Immigration Reform
- 1.9 White House Reform
- 1.10 Business Reform
- 1.1 Judicial Reform
- 2 Prospective Legislation
- 3 Sources
The following reforms are introduced, many for the first time, in 'Defending Conservatism.' Joshua Zambrano has published research papers since January 2009 that include reforms now championed by both sides of the aisle, including a return of U.S. troops to guard the borders, trade restrictions on low minimum wage countries such as China, an insurance-less healthcare system to reduce the Budget, and a return to public works programs.
Other solutions such as tax breaks for companies that hire more U.S. workers to combat automation and trust-busting to break up large corporations to protect market competition and small business have been formally presented in research papers since 2010. Although controversial at the time, they have been adopted in recent years by prominent figures in both political parties, including Donald Trump and Elizabeth Warren.
The entire judiciary, with the exception of the Supreme Court, is based around a series of judiciary acts passed by Congress. The U.S. Constitution, as seen from Article III, merely necessitates the institution of a Supreme Court. How many justices are on the Supreme Court is not stated by the Constitution, and the Supreme Court is given only limited power to hear cases constitutionally. Congress passed numerous judiciary acts throughout history changing the structure and scope of the courts, including the number of Supreme Court Justices.
Modern Judiciary Act
A modern judiciary act is sorely needed, as the judiciary has begun the decline to tyranny which Thomas Jefferson predicted when he warned "That to suffer the civil magistrate to intrude his powers into the field of opinion and to restrain the profession or propagation of principles on supposition of their ill tendency is a dangerous fallacy which at once destroys all religious liberty because he being of course judge of that tendency will make his opinions the rule of judgment and approve or condemn the sentiments of others only as they shall square with or differ from his own." A modern judiciary act should be created to implement broad reforms to the judicial system in the same way that numerous judiciary acts have done so in the past.
This would be entirely consistent with Article III of the U.S. Constitution which delegates to Congress structuring of the court system, and with Article VI which mandates that judges uphold laws passed by Congress. The President himself is likewise responsible for upholding the laws passed by Congress, and appointing judges he knew would obstruct Congressional laws would violate his own oath of office (Article II, Sec. 3).
Article III clearly states, from the beginning, that the judicial power is subject to Congressional determination, and further states that Congress has the right to specify what the punishments for specific crimes should be, as well as where trial jurisdiction should lie. Not only does Congress have complete authority to institute lower courts at will, but even the Supreme Court can be regulated, since Congress can determine where Supreme Court trials are held and what the punishment for crimes such as treason should be.
|“|| "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish."
"This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding."
"...but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed."
"The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason..."
Restricting Court Jurisdiction
The single most important reform needed from a modern judiciary act is restriction of court jurisdiction, mandating that the courts be accountable to laws passed by Congress (as the Constitution says they should be in Art. VI). Without that reform, the Supreme Court and lower courts will continue to declare laws passed by Congress (e.g. the Defense of Marriage Act) are unconstitutional, that Presidential Cabinet appointments (e.g. Matthew Whitaker) are unconstitutional, and that executive orders are unconstitutional (e.g. the travel ban).
Judicial Term Limits in Lieu of Impeaching Unconstitutional Judges
- See also Attack on Democracy
Such a judiciary act should implement term limits on federal judges and Supreme Court Justices, requiring them to be reappointed by the President every 8 years in order to retain their positions. This would remove many liberal justices who have been unconstitutionally opposing the will of the American people.
Thirty states passed laws via ballot referendum defining marriage as between a man and a woman. In other words, the peoples of those 30 states (including the most populous states of California and Texas) all voted against gay marriage. In spite of that, a few liberal judges overturned the will of the people in direct opposition to the principles of democracy at the heart of the U.S. Constitution. The gay rights movement constitutes the greatest attack on U.S. democracy since the Civil War when the Democrat South rebelled to protect the institution of slavery.
Judges who have voted for gay marriage and against voter-approved ballot referendums (per Obergefell v. Hodges) should be impeached and removed whenever possible at both the federal and state levels, given their opposition to the principle of democracy fundamental to the U.S. Constitution. However, since impeachment requires 67 votes in the U.S. Senate, use of term limits for judges is the best way to remove the many unconstitutional judges who have been opposing democracy until such time as impeachment becomes an alternative.
Enumerating Judicial Rights
A modern judiciary act should also specifically enumerate what fundamental Creator-given rights exist (e.g. to life, religious freedom, bear arms, trial by jury, a speedy public trial in criminal cases, a fair trial, and fair imprisonment).
Re-emphasis on Trial by Jury
While the right to trial by jury is emphasized in the U.S. Constitution per the 5th, 6th, and 7th Amendments; there is no right to a trial by judge. Juries should not be instructed on a case by case basis according to judicial mandate; although Congress may authorize certain information sheets for juror use in specific types of trials giving them information about existing law.
As such, appellate courts should be removed so that jury decisions become absolute, save in cases that specifically fall under Supreme Court Jurisdiction per Article III, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution.
Prohibiting Plea Bargaining and Lengthy Imprisonment Before Trial
Plea bargaining should be prohibited. It encourages those pleading guilty to lie, forfeiting their Constitutional rights to a public trial by jury and due process. Because the accused can be indefinitely held for months or years awaiting trial, they can ultimately be forced by corrupt prosecutors and police into pleading guilty so that they can be released. They can be held for years awaiting trial, never proven guilty, and ultimately be forced to plead guilty to something they never did. Plea bargaining is a form of coercion and manipulation which has played a major role in the false convictions of 164 people on Death Row who spent a combined total of 1,887 years on Death Row before being exonerated. Furthermore, those who don't get speed public trials within a set time frame (perhaps 72 hours) should be freed, consistent with the 6th Amendment.
Remove Immunity for Public Officials
The doctrine of immunity has been expanded far beyond what the U.S. Constitution intended. According to Article I, Section 6 of the U.S. Constitution, Congressmen are to be privileged from arrest while in Congress save in cases of treason, felony, and breach of the peace:
|“||They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.||”|
However, this perfectly reasonable measure, intended to prevent Congress from being unduly disturbed during session save in cases of severe crimes, led to the unConstitutional doctrine of Judicial Immunity. Under Judicial Immunity, judges and other public officials cannot be held accountable for actions committed in the course of their official duties. It has been used to defend judges who order people imprisoned without any rational basis, and police or prosecutors who pervert justice. The doctrine of Judicial Immunity is unconstitutional and a perversion of the U.S. Constitution's intent; it should be removed.
Removing Onerous Fees
Onerous court fees should be removed (e.g. filing fees, fees for jail/prison stays/probation or parole supervision/electronic monitoring devices/arrest warrants, healthcare/medication/court administration/prosecution/court-ordered drug and alcohol abuse treatment). The courts ought to be fully funded by the U.S. Treasury or state funds.
- See also District of Columbia
The District of Columbia should be federalized and taken back under federal control as was historically the case prior to the 1973 District of Columbia Home Rule Act. Given the widespread corruption which has been transpiring in D.C., the mayor and heads of transit, police, shelters, etc. should be federally appointed, either by the President or by Congress. Since elections were instituted in D.C., the Democrats have taken control of the District and are misusing federal funds while creating record levels of homelessness. Shelters intended for the homeless are being used instead to house Democrat protesters even as the rest of the District's poor are abused in an attempt to force them out of the region.
Mandated Sale of Land
Furthermore, the rich are hoarding land across the country so that 90% of Americans live on just 18% of the land, in violation of the 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act. This is due in part to onerous zoning laws and HOAs/POAs which prevent all but the wealthy from purchasing land, even as counties require new construction be done by a few private contractors who give kickbacks to the counties. To resolve the problem, I recommend that landowners with more than 100 acres should be required to sell any of their undeveloped land to anyone who does not own land for $1,000 an acre, and all landowners with more than 1,000 acres should be required to sell undeveloped land to those who do not have land for $500 an acre; ‘undeveloped’ being defined as land which lacks building improvements.
Standardized Zoning Laws, Regulation of HOAs/POAs
HOAs and POAs should be banned from creating requirements that keep out prospective new residents, and Congress should take control of the situation by standardizing zoning laws (including building requirements) nationwide.
Federalized Rest Areas
States which have mismanaged federal rest areas along highways by preventing overnight rest there, should have said rest areas federalized, taken under federal jurisdiction, to prevent further mismanagement. It is ridiculous that federal funds are given to states for highway rest areas, but the states then disallow use of the rest areas for their intended purpose-resting, and instead use the money to advertise state tourist attractions. This is a misuse of federal funds, and states that have been abusing such funding should lose control of rest areas to the federal government, so that truck drivers and others have a place to sleep at federally-funded rest areas.
- For prospective legislation, see U.S. Budget Proposal
Reforming the budget requires addressing entitlements, as Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid alone combine for over 50% of the U.S. Budget. There are two potentially good alternatives for reforming the current system while reducing costs and expanding coverage.
My newest recommendation for reforming healthcare is simpler and based more upon the free market. I recommend simplifying Health Savings Accounts (originally a Republican idea) and using them in conjunction with Direct Primary Care or Fee-for-Service arrangements. In essence, the Federal Reserve should simply provide HSAs to everyone based on a flat formula which determines accrued benefits based on age lived, so that banks are removed as the middleman from the process (which only drives up costs). Furthermore, the funds should be available for use not only in conventional hospitals but for Direct Primary Care or Fee-For-Service arrangements.
With Direct Primary Care, clinics are paid a flat monthly cost to provide all healthcare needed for a patient in a given month, thus motivating doctors to keep their patients healthy while minimizing their expenses and improving their healthcare experience, typically reducing health costs by 75% or more. Not only is cost reduced but wait times are substantially shortened. With Fee-For-Service, clinics are charged based upon the service needed and, because the expensive insurance industry is removed as a middleman, considerable cost savings can be realized. Needless to say, HSAs hold potential to provide a free market solution in reducing health costs if used with alternatives that avoid the insurance industry such as those mentioned.
My original 2009 bill proposed a block grant system to replace the current Medicare/Medicaid/Obamacare system in which government would fund hospitals to provide universal healthcare directly rather than through the expensive and unnecessary middleman, the insurance industry, to reduce costs substantially. Furthermore, voting by patients in hospital lobby voting machines or online about their healthcare experiences would allow better rated hospitals to receive more funds and stay in the system, so that hospitals will compete to provide better quality, lower-costing healthcare. In addressing tort reform, I have proposed sharing of liability by hospitals in medical lawsuits based on the number of hours worked by doctors the week of malpractice incidents, as well as requiring the losing party in medical lawsuits to pay up to $1,000 of the other side's legal fees as a deterrent against frivolous lawsuits.
However, I now prefer the HSA concept because it is simpler, less bureaucratic, and requires less oversight mechanisms and cost.
The U.S. should have never gotten into the retirement business with Social Security to begin with by intruding unnecessarily into the industry, creating a massive government monopoly that has bankrupted the U.S. in the process. Because Americans are living almost 20 years longer than when Social Security was passed in 1965, the cost of Social Security, like Medicare, is skyrocketing, as the U.S. government pays for decades more benefits than the program was designed to sustain.
With that being said, millions of Americans have spent their lifetimes paying into the program and are nonetheless owed the benefits they paid for. Privatization should be the ultimate goal-once the U.S. has funds to privatize, of course. While increasing the age to receive benefits may ultimately prove inevitable, given how much funds (funds the U.S. with its exploding debt crisis does not have) would be required, all possibilities to privatize should first be exhausted.
Border Security Via Returning Troops
Military should be returned from overseas to guard the borders, so that money paid them will be spent here in the U.S. instead of overseas, while also reducing direct war costs (which comprise the bulk of military spending).
Homosexuals should be kept out of the armed forces and taxpayers should not have to fund their sex change operations so they can avoid combat roles, as has been occurring.
The current welfare system should be reformed. Billions of dollars are wasted under the existing SSI program, as millions of able-bodied adults dishonestly lie about being mentally or even physically disabled, putting on acting performances to pretend they are schizophrenic e.g., so they can use the SSI checks to enable their recklessly irresponsible drug and alcohol habits (which the most rudimentary of examinations will show is the major source of spending for SSI money). SSI should be ended, and replaced with alternative programs that genuinely help poor people become self-sufficient. The $59 billion spent on SSI in 2017 could be used to create jobs through public works programs or paying returning veterans to guard the borders.
One possible alternative to SSI would be public works programs such as those used by Franklin D. Roosevelt, in which millions were employed to perform conservation, dig ditches, clean up and repair public buildings and bridges, teach seminars, etc. Group showers should be outlawed in prisons, homeless shelters, and schools to prevent sexual immorality, while allowance should be made for housing of couples in such institutions to stop the government's attack on the nuclear family. Given how automation is resulting in fewer workers worldwide, the job market is becoming more dependent on government itself to create jobs for the poor.
Welfare programs should be work-contingent (i.e. public works based), so that programs are self-supporting as much as possible, similar to those used by FDR. As the Apostle Paul states in 2 Thessalonians 3:10, if someone refuses to work they should not eat. Furthermore, public works programs should be labor intensive to create jobs as effectively as possible per dollar spent.
In crafting a public works program that hires as many workers as possible per dollar spent, it is key that the program spend maximally on workers and less on extraneous costs such as administration, supplies, equipment, and buildings.
As seen from a 2007 report by the University of Massachusetts’ Institute for Policy Studies (Pollin and Garrett-Peltier) the following numbers of jobs and total wages/benefits were created in each government sector per $1 billion of federal spending:
- Tax Cuts for Personal Consumption: 10, 779 jobs, $504.6 million total wages
- Defense: 8,555 jobs, $564.5 million total wages
- Construction/Infrastructure: 12,804 jobs, $693.7 million total wages
- Health Care: 12,883 jobs, $730.1 million total wages
- Mass Transit: 19,795 jobs, $880.1 million
- Education: 17,687 jobs, $1,309.3 million
As Garrett and Peltier conclude,
|“||“How can spending on education generate both higher average wages as well as more new jobs per $1 billion in spending? The answer is straightforward. For one thing, the high average wage reflects the fact that a large proportion of people in the sector operate with relatively high credentials and skills, and their incomes reflect this. In addition, education is a relatively labor-intensive industry. This means that, compared with the other industries we are examining, for every $1 billion in new spending in education, proportionally more money is spent on hiring new people into the industry and relatively less is spent on supplies, equipment, buildings.”||”|
Democrat Corruption in the Stimulus
Obama's Stimulus and related Democratic spending was designed to enrich a few corrupt Democrats, not create jobs for working Americans. In the words of the Wall Street Journal, the Stimulus was "a 40-year wish list... that manages to spend money on just about every pent-up Democratic proposal of the last 40 years. We've looked it over, and even we can't quite believe it. There's $1 billion for Amtrak, the federal railroad that hasn't turned a profit in 40 years; $2 billion for child-care subsidies; $50 million for that great engine of job creation, the National Endowment for the Arts; $400 million for global-warming research and another $2.4 billion for carbon-capture demonstration projects. There's even $650 million on top of the billions already doled out to pay for digital TV conversion coupons."
Simplistic, Temporary, Preserve Private Sector
More bureaucracy breeds corruption in government. As such, it is key that any public works program be kept minimal, temporary, and allow competition from the private sector. The goal of a public works program is to jump start hiring in the economy and get people employed so they can then start small businesses to boost innovation and competition. A long-term bureaucratic public works system is a form of government monopoly that reduces overall employment, stifles competition, and wastes taxpayer dollars. Such a system should be kept simplistic with fewer layers of bureaucracy. The goal is to produce short-term hiring until the private sector returns to full strength.
Individual Income Tax Simplification
The individual income tax should be simplified, following a study to determine what 10-15 questions best determine overall wealth, with all other questions then eliminated.
Corporate Income Tax Breaks for Companies Who Hire
The corporate income tax should be simplified so that all tax breaks are eliminated aside from a tax break to companies who hire more U.S. workers in relation to company earnings. This would combat the effects of automation and encourage employers to hire maximally.
Prohibiting Taxes on Interstate Commerce
All taxes on interstate commerce should be prohibited except those necessary to support the state inspection process per Article 1, Sec. 9.
Fire Obama IRS Holdovers
All previous workers in the IRS from the Obama era should be fired, given the IRS' widespread corruption during that time period.
IRS Explanations for Auditing/Delays
The IRS should be required to issue explanations from now on for why tax returns or tax-exempt status is delayed. The Sixth Amendment to the Constitution requires a speedy public trial for the accused, yet the IRS can audit taxpayers without any trial process.
National Voucher System
Voucher funding on a per-student basis should be allocated fairly from a national fund, so that students from richer neighborhoods do not benefit more than those from poor neighborhoods.
Prohibition on Taxation of Interstate Students
Furthermore, taxation of interstate students should be prohibited, as the widespread current practice of taxing out-of-state students three times the tuition of in-state students directly violates Article 4, Sec. 2 of the U.S. Constitution.
Objective Accreditation Standards
Accreditation standards for schools and universities should be relaxed and based objectively on standardized test results to ensure religious institutions are no longer discriminated against, as has been occurring.
Caps on CEO Pay, Tuition Rates
Tuition costs have skyrocketed far above expected inflation rates, as have compensation for school staff and textbook costs. Universities have no oversight restricting how much they charge students for tuition, textbooks, parking, etc. As such, universities can simply hike tuition rates as high as possible to steal as much of student grant and loan funding as possible, force them to buy textbooks authored by professors at the university or who give kickbacks to it, and create onerous parking regulations that steal even more money through ridiculous fees. Millions of students who have their federal loan money, which they will have to repay, are then forced onto food stamps, into soup kitchens, and required to rely on public welfare, all so they can get the education which society requires for a decent job.
There is no way around it, short of somehow redoing the entire system from scratch. Congress will need to intervene to provide oversight of the education industry to prevent unscrupulous university CEOs from stealing taxpayer funds by hiking student expenses exponentially.
The entire U.S. election system should be remodeled to replace primary elections with an "Open Primary" election where all candidates run against one another, with the two top vote-getters running against one another in a final, general election.
To encourage transparency, voters could voluntarily make their votes public, and then be eligible to elect party leadership. Party leaders, such as those in the GOP and DNC, should be elected by voters who have made votes public every four years.
Presidents, Senators, and Representatives should all be subject to 16-year term limits (although a Representative after 16 years could then run for Senate or President, allowing for a total of 48 years in office at the Congressional or Presidential level).
The voting age should be reduced to 16 for members of the military and property owners. It makes no sense that someone can serve in the military to die for their country at age 16, drive a vehicle that can kill others at age 16, work in dangerous jobs like construction or coal mining at age 16, own property at age 16 (although one can't sell it until age 18), and get married with parental consent in most states at age 16, but yet not be able to vote until age 18.
The reality is that there is no one-age-fits-all level of maturity. There are people who are mature at age 12 than others are at age 90. If age brought wisdom, then Hugh Hefner would have been extremely mature. Especially for those who serve in the military or own property, the voting age should be changed to 16.
Voter Fraud Prevention
Mexico requires holographic voter IDs with thumbprints be shown in order to vote, yet here in the U.S. we have not yet caught up to the electoral advances of Mexico. It makes no sense that voters do not have to show I.D. to vote when many states require that one show I.D. to buy liquor. Oversight mechanisms can be added to stop absentee ballot fraud, which is how a lot of voter fraud is done. An automated system crosschecking registration data against a national database to make sure voters aren't deceased and Social Security Numbers match up would stop dead voters and those with invalid SSNs from being registered (that alone would stop thousands of fake voter registrations).
Penalties for Fraud
Those who engage in voter fraud (e.g. Hudson Hallum) should permanently lose their right to vote and run for office. Mandated penalties should be at least as harsh as those for U.S. Census Bureau employees who disclose Personally Identifiable Information ($5,000 fine and 5 years in prison).
Poll-watching needs to be enforced to prevent fraud. In 2008, Montana Governor Brian Schweitzer bragged about how he got fellow Democrat Jon Tester (U.S. Senator) elected in 2006 by using the police to stop poll workers from monitoring elections in a Native American district.
Roe v. Wade and other contentious issues should be put to the ballot so that voters can decide via nationwide ballot referendums. However, it is imperative that voter fraud reforms be made first before direct democracy is pursued. Particularly in corrupt Democrat states like California which resist government oversight of their elections, there is too much risk of voter fraud altering national results. Therefore, replacing the electoral college with a popular vote system must wait until voter fraud reforms such as eVerify are implemented.
Embargoes Against Low Minimum Wage Countries
Trade embargoes should be used against low-minimum wage countries (those with minimum wages below $4.00/hour in international dollars) with whom the U.S. has over $1 billion in annual imports, to stop countries like China from parasiting off the U.S. to empower communist, fascist dictatorships. The nature of a global free market results in the U.S.' higher minimum wage working against it, as global megacorps send jobs overseas to low minimum wage countries where labor is cheaper. The largest expense for such companies is typically payroll, so the easiest way to increase profits, meet stockholder expectations, and free up money for CEO salaries is to reduce worker pay. On the other hand, a company which refuses to outsource runs the risk that their competitors will do so, so that they will be at a competitive disadvantage.
The global free market results in a race to the bottom, driving down worker wages worldwide and rewarding immoral Communist countries such as China which use low minimum wages to attract foreign investment capital. The U.S. is running a $300 billion annual trade deficit with China every year, and the goods made in China are made by workers paid 1/10th that of their U.S. counterparts. Unrestricted free trade harms the U.S., harms workers worldwide resulting in lower wages everywhere, harms democracy, and results in a global income disparity as the rich get ever richer and the poor get poorer.
To avoid impacting 3rd-world countries, such a policy could affect only those countries which have over a set annual level of imports (e.g. $8 billion annually). Thus, many 3rd-world countries would not be affected or examined, only those with a substantial amount of imports.
Free Trade With Decent Minimum Wage Countries
Completely free trade should be pursued with countries that have decent minimum wages above $4.00/hour. This results in a simplistic, un-bureaucratic trade system where either the U.S. trades with a country or it doesn't. There are not thousands of tariffs on different goods. If a country has a substantial amount of imports to the U.S. and a low minimum wage, then we don't trade with that country. This would only affect two dozen countries or so out of the roughly 200 countries worldwide; and result in perfectly free trade with our democratic allies such as those in Europe, Israel, Taiwan, Japan, Canada, Mexico, etc. Countries with which we would stop trading include China.
- See also Immigration
Returning Troops to Guard Borders
A wall along the southern border is imperative as a defense against the drug smuggling, weapons trafficking, sex trafficking, and terrorist infiltration that's been occurring. I have been continuously calling for a return of U.S. troops to guard the borders as a way to simultaneously reduce government spending and improve employment since 2009 in my research papers.
However, it should be accompanied by sensible reforms in our immigration process, as well as eVerify to prevent voter fraud.
Mexican Repatriation Apology
The U.S. should issue an apology for the Mexican Repatriation, and the illegal deportation of up to 2 million U.S. citizens of Hispanic heritage during the Great Depression
The U.S. could additionally provide citizenship to those who have served in the U.S. military, and provide citizenship to those with substantial U.S. Native American ancestry (1/16th or more blood quantum). Stricter language requirements should be implemented, however 'merit-based' immigration should be avoided; the poor should have an equal right to come to the United States per the inscription on the Statue of Liberty: 'Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to be free...'
White House Reform
- See also Mueller Investigation
The Executive Branch should be restructured as was done during Jimmy Carter's presidency, and the unconstitutional position of special prosecutor eliminated, since its legislative authority expired when the 1978 Ethics in Government Act was not renewed in 1999. The Obama administration's pardons should be revoked, along with Donald Trump's pardon of Joe Arpaio (a corrupt official who had innocent people framed with bomb parts).
CEO Pay Restrictions at Publicly Traded Companies
CEO pay at publicly traded companies should be capped in relation to company earnings, given how CEO pay has skyrocketed far above historical norms of 20:1 to 50:1, to today's level of around 300:1. At privately traded companies the CEO has built their business using their own money, incurring the start-up costs and risks; they should be able to pay themselves what they want with their own money. However, a publicly traded Fortune 500 company can hire on a CEO who then appoints a Board of Directors who will pay him whatever he wants with stockholder funds, drives the company into bankruptcy, hikes his own pay, and gives himself a 'golden parachute' of expensive retirement benefits just to leave the company (which has been happening consistently).
So what would this look like specifically? On average, CEOs should be paid perhaps 50 times the pay of the average worker (a historically sensible level) with companies at higher-earning companies paying their CEOs more (perhaps 120:1), and those at lower-earning companies paying their CEOs less (perhaps 10:1). How to set the gradations to appropriately reward better-performing CEOs for their company performance is debatable, a range of 10:1 to 150:1 based on company earnings could also work, so long as the average ends up no more than 50:1. As of 2017, the National Average Wage Index is $50,321.89. Thus, the average compensation for a publicly traded company's CEO in 2017 at historical levels should have been 50 times this, or $2.516 million. Instead, they received on average $18.9 million.
For example, a CEO at a publicly traded company whose company earnings are above $100 billion annually would be paid perhaps 120 times the pay of an average worker ($6.04 million), a CEO whose company earnings are average would be paid 50:1, and a CEO whose company earnings are very low would be paid 10:1 ($0.50 million). There would then be intermediate tiers between these extremes. The goal is to stop CEOs who under-perform from paying themselves far more than historical norms by reducing worker pay, so that workers get a reasonable share of company earnings.
Legislation already exists to break up companies that become too big. Monopolization runs counter to laws passed by Congress such as the 1890 Sherman Anti-Trust Act, 1914 Clayton Antitrust Act, and 1887 Interstate Commerce Act. Past Republican Presidents such as Teddy Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Benjamin Harrison, and Grover Cleveland all opposed monopolization in favor of protecting small businesses and market competition.
Socialism and oligarchies created by anarchic capitalism are two sides of the same coin. On the one hand, socialism is essentially a big government monopoly. Oligarchies created by anarchic capitalism are likewise monopolies. In both cases, the nature of monopolization produces less employment, fewer businesses, less innovation, higher prices, and wasted economic resources.
Ultimately, monopolization of land or wealth, as with business, endangers the market and overall prosperity. If all the wealth is concentrated in the hands of an ever diminishing few than the best and brightest cannot contribute to the economy, and small businesses which should grow to bring new products and ideas are prevented from ever starting. Competition is what makes the free market work, which is why monopolization is so dangerous. When there are more businesses competing, there will be more employment, more prosperity, and more innovation.
For that reason, government should intervene to prevent mergers that result in too much takeover by a single corporation of a market or markets. However, enforcement of antitrust law has been left largely to the eye of the beholder due to a lack of objective, concrete definitions on what constitutes a monopoly that requires trustbusting. Congress should act to better define what constitutes a trust, to avoid partiality in enforcement.
I have already introduced a number of my proposed solutions in legislative formats:
Legislation with multiple reforms to the judiciary including institution of 8-year term limits for federal judges including Supreme Court Justices unless federally reappointed, removing appellate courts and making jury decisions absolute, freeing those imprisoned who don't get speedy trials within 72 hours, removal of onerous fees with courts fully funded by the U.S. Treasury or state funds (e.g. filing fees, fees for jail/prison stays/probation or parole supervision/electronic monitoring devices/arrest warrants, healthcare/medication/court administration/prosecution/court-ordered drug and alcohol abuse treatment), limited jurisdiction of the courts, prohibition of plea bargaining, and the removal of qualified immunity.
A budget proposal designed to create tens of millions of jobs while reducing the long-term annual budget by hundreds of billions of dollars annually. Specifically would stop trade with low minimum wage countries like China and Mexico, restructure/simplify the tax code to reward companies that hire more U.S. workers in relation to company earnings, cut military procurement spending by having troops guard borders instead of being overseas, etc.
- NOTE-The following is now obsolete, given that I am instead recommending the use of Health Savings Accounts (see Simplified HSAs)
A minimalistic universal health care system covering basic care while leaving the private sector intact to cover more advanced niche care. Reduces costs by replacing the current Medicare/Medicaid/Obamacare system using a grant system to make hospitals provide health care directly rather than through the insurance industry while implementing voting machines in hospital lobbies so patients can vote on their experience with higher rated hospitals receiving more funding and staying in the system, thus imitating the free market. Antitrust legislation such as the 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act should be enforced against immoral business such as Walmart. The current antitrust exemption to banks allowed as the result of a conflict between the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 should be removed. The government small business loan program should be improved through a randomized lottery pool.
- Zambrano, J. (2009, January). "Economic Solutions." ResearchGate.
- Zambrano, J. (2010, October 27). "The Zambrano Report." RePEc.
Zambrano, J. (2013, October). "An Analysis of the U.S. Budget and Job Market with Proposed Solutions." pp. 11-12. ResearchGate.
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